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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (65)
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1

International System

All areas are divided into nation states.
Derived from European conception.

2

Eurocentrism

The international system is flawed in the sense that it started as a European conception. Sovereignty in itself is European.

3

Treaty of Westphalia

Ended the 30 Years War in 1648, established sovereignty

4

Sovereignty

Established independence from other world powers.

5

Sovereignty's Empirical Conditions

TERP

Territory
Effective Rule
Recognition
Population

6

Sovereignty's Juridical Condition

Equality
Autonomy

7

Equality

Equality in terms of the system, not capability

8

Autonomy

Does not have to answer to a higher authority

9

Recognition

Must be recognized by the other

10

Teleological Theory

Means to an end

11

Anarchy

There is no world government.

12

International Event

Action taken by an actor, directed at a target that crosses national boundaries.

13

System Level of Analysis

Patterns we observe in international events are due to the characteristics of the system.

14

State Level of Analysis

Patterns we observe are due to the characteristics in the nation-states

15

Individual Level of Analysis

Patterns we observe are from the characteristics of the individuals that perform them.

16

Neorealism / Structural Realism

Individual nation-states pursue power in order to survive. System creates the realist syllogism.

17

Constructivism

The system is built on rules, norms, and practices of those who participate in it.
Interests are not predefined.

18

Realism

The primary interest of the state is power.

19

Defensive Realism

Kenneth Waltz
Unwise for states to maximize power, and the system will punish them if they get too much

20

Offensive Realism

It makes good sense to maximize power. States should pursue hegemony if circumstances permit.

21

Liberalism

Liberalists believe that power comes through order of the system.

22

Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism is derived from the need for peace as a necessary condition for economic survival. Order emerges from nationstates with similar interests.

23

Rule Based Constructivism

Rules embedded in social relations define dominant systems
(Chess example)

24

Social Constructivism

Documents how history, culture, and social practices form identities that define interests.

25

Norm Based Constructivism

International norms define appropriate behavior are created when a certain number of agents accept the norms.

26

Self Help System

States cannot rely on their own power to ensure survival
Can build alliances for more power. Can't reach out to the rest of the world unless their interests are in play.

27

Discipline

Special methodology, vocabulary, accepted abstractions

28

Historical Phase

1900-1914
Attempted to explain the present by understanding the past

Onuf + Olson

29

Organizational Phase

Offered solutions in the form of structure, changed to make prevention happen

30

Utopianism in Organization

Unable to explain fascism during the organizational phase