Flashcards in Midterm Deck (65)
All areas are divided into nation states.
Derived from European conception.
The international system is flawed in the sense that it started as a European conception. Sovereignty in itself is European.
Treaty of Westphalia
Ended the 30 Years War in 1648, established sovereignty
Established independence from other world powers.
Sovereignty's Empirical Conditions
Sovereignty's Juridical Condition
Equality in terms of the system, not capability
Does not have to answer to a higher authority
Must be recognized by the other
Means to an end
There is no world government.
Action taken by an actor, directed at a target that crosses national boundaries.
System Level of Analysis
Patterns we observe in international events are due to the characteristics of the system.
State Level of Analysis
Patterns we observe are due to the characteristics in the nation-states
Individual Level of Analysis
Patterns we observe are from the characteristics of the individuals that perform them.
Neorealism / Structural Realism
Individual nation-states pursue power in order to survive. System creates the realist syllogism.
The system is built on rules, norms, and practices of those who participate in it.
Interests are not predefined.
The primary interest of the state is power.
Unwise for states to maximize power, and the system will punish them if they get too much
It makes good sense to maximize power. States should pursue hegemony if circumstances permit.
Liberalists believe that power comes through order of the system.
Neoliberalism is derived from the need for peace as a necessary condition for economic survival. Order emerges from nationstates with similar interests.
Rule Based Constructivism
Rules embedded in social relations define dominant systems
Documents how history, culture, and social practices form identities that define interests.
Norm Based Constructivism
International norms define appropriate behavior are created when a certain number of agents accept the norms.
Self Help System
States cannot rely on their own power to ensure survival
Can build alliances for more power. Can't reach out to the rest of the world unless their interests are in play.
Special methodology, vocabulary, accepted abstractions
Attempted to explain the present by understanding the past
Onuf + Olson
Offered solutions in the form of structure, changed to make prevention happen