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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (27)
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1

What is phonetics?

The study of speech sounds- how they are articulated/produced, and what are their acoustic qualities

2

Applied Phonetics

practical application of phonetic knowledge

3

Normative

Good or acceptable speech

4

Clinical

using phonetic knowledge to remediate disordered speech

5

Linguistic

Analysis of the sounds of language

6

Phone

Any sound a human can produce

7

Phoneme

A speech sound in a particular language

8

Minimal Pair test

Only one phoneme is changed- ex: bat and pat

9

Allophone

Variation in a phoneme

10

Orthography

Spelling, written form

11

Morpheme

Smallest meaningful unit of language

12

Dialect

Variation in language

13

Register

Style of speech adjusted for situation/audience

14

Idiolect

Your individual dialect

15

Ways to classify speech sounds

1) Vowels/consonants: obstruction in an oral/vocal tract
2) Voicing status: voiced, voiceless, vocal chords vibrating
3) Place of articulation
4) Manner of production: short/long sound, through nose, building up sound
5) Distinctive feature theory: bundles of features/characteristics
6) Syllabic/non-syllabic
7) Stressed/unstressed
8) Development order
9) Frequency of occurrence

16

What is "MVP"

Manner of Production, Voicing status, Place of articulation

17

What is the MVP of "m"

voiced bilabial nasal

18

What is the MVP of "n"

voiced alveolar nasal

19

What is the MVP of "ng"

voiced velar nasal

20

What is the MVP of "p"

voiceless bilabial stop

21

What is the MVP of "t"

voiceless alveolar stop

22

What is the MVP of "k"

voiceless velar stop

23

What is the MVP of "b"

voiced bilabial stop

24

What is the MVP of "d"

voiced alveolar stop

25

What is the MVP of "g"

voiced velar stop

26

What is the MVP of "l"

voiced alveolar liquid

27

What is the MVP of "r"

voiced alveopalatal liquid