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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (109)
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1

pneumonic for cranial nerves

On Occasion Our Trusty Truck Acts Funny, Good Vehicle Any How

2

Cranial nerves pneumonic for sensory/motor

Some say marry money but my brother says big boobies matters more

3

Facies of cushings

moon face, hirsutism, red cheeks

4

facies of hyperthyroidism

exophthalmos

5

facies of graves disease

hyperthyroidism, exophthalmos

6

facies of bells palsy

U/L facial droop; differentiate between stroke

7

facies of nephrotic syndrome

edema

8

facies of parkinson's disease

masked face

9

s/s benign postural vertigo

<1 min, nystagmus

10

s/s vestibular neuronitis

hours-weeks, nystagmus

11

s/s meniere's dx

hours to days, sensory hearing loss, tinnitus

12

s/s acoustic neuroma

gradual/insidious onset, U/L hearing impairment, tinnitus

13

causes of hypothyroidism

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis
Sub-acute thyroiditis
Iodine deficiency (rare in US)
Thyroid surgery
Severe Illness
Rx induced: Lithium, amiodarone, sulfonamides

14

causes of hyperthyroidism

Grave’s disease
Toxic multi-nodular goiter
Toxic adenoma
Exogenous thyroid hormone ingestion

15

Signs of hypothyroidism

Dry coarse cool skin, hair loss
Periorbital puffiness
Increased diastolic bp
Bradycardia
Mixed hearing loss, somnolence, peripheral neuropathy

16

signs of hyperthyroidism

Warm, smooth, moist skin
Stare, lid lag, exophthalmos
Tachycardia or a-fib
Increased systolic bp
Hyperdynamic cardiac pulsation

17

symptoms of hypothyroidism

Fatigue, lethargy
Modest weight gain, with anorexia
Dry coarse skin, cold intolerance
Swelling of face, hands, legs
Constipation
Weakness, muscle cramps, arthralgia, impaired memory or concentration

18

symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Nervousness, palpitations
Weight loss, increased appetite
Excessive sweating, heat intolerance
Frequent bowel movements
Tremor and proximal muscle weakness

19

Eye emergencies (symptoms)

pain, sudden loss of vision

20

Causes of eye emergencies

pain, sudden loss of vision: retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, central retinal artery occlusion, uveitis

21

Characteristics of bacterial conjunctivitis

mucopurulent discharge, B/L, highly contagious

22

Characteristics of allergic conjunctivitis

pruritic, seasonal, stringy discharge

23

Characteristics of viral conjunctivitis

watery discharge, U/L, contagious

24

Acute iritis is?

irregular and small pupil, decreased vision, photophobia

25

acute iritis causes

systemic infection (herpes zoster, TB)

26

Tx of acute iritis

immediate referral

27

pupil size <2

miosis

28

pupil size >5

mydriasis

29

Normal fundal exam

The optic disc is pink with sharp outline and a cup-to-disc ratio of ~0.30. The vasculature is sharp and clear radiating outward from the disc.

30

How to perform pupillary reflex?

shine light on eye in dark room