Midterm Flashcards Preview

Evidenced Based Practice > Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Deck (109)
Loading flashcards...
1

Qualitative Designs

using words to provide evidence

2

Benefits to qualitative research

systemic, subjective approach to describe life experiences/give them meaning
focuses on understanding
flexible
does not test hypothesis
not true causality

3

Four major types of Qualitative Research

phenomenology
ethnography
grounded theory
historical

4

Phenomenology

describes teh meaning of human experience

5

Bracketing

process of identifying and holding abay preconceived beliefs and opinions about phenomenon that is being studied

6

Reflective Journal

clarify persona vlaues/areas of bias

7

Main data source for phenomenology

in-depth conversations with participants

8

Grounded Theory

aims to discover theoretical precepts about social psychological processes and social structures (grounded in data)

9

Grounded Theory has

number of theoretical roots (symbolic interaction)
focuses on social psychological processes and social structures

10

Ethnography

focuses on the culture of a group of people
seeks to understand an emic perspective (insiders' view)

11

Etic perspective

researcher's perspectives/interpretation

12

Ethnography relies on

fieldwork and participant observation

13

Historical Research

establishes facts about/relationships among past events

14

Historical research sources

written records
photographs
interviews
pictures

15

historical research

external criticism (authenticity of the source)
internal criticism (worth of the evidence)

16

Other types of qualitative research

case studies
narrative analysis (focus on studies and individuals)
feminist research
participatory action research
descriptive qualitative

17

Qualitative Sampling

not representative
not random selection
stop sampling when data saturation is met

18

Convenience sampling

volunteer (not preferred but economical)

19

snowball sampling

network sampling

20

purposive sampling

researchers choose cases that will contribute to the study the most

21

theoretical sampling

involves decisions about where to find data to develop an emerging theory optimally

22

maximum variation sampling

cases with wide variation on phenomenon of interest

23

extreme case sampling

most unusual/extreme cases

24

typical case sampling

cases that illustrate what is typical

25

homogenous sampling

reducing variation

26

Focus group discussion pros

cost effective
tend to be enjoyable
interactions enhance data

27

focus group cons

number of questions
available response time
skill of interviewer
minority perspective
confidentiality

28

artifacts

diaries
photos
letter
books

29

qualitative data

texts
transcripts
field notes
memos
books
pictures
maps
memoirs
videos
audio tapes
newspapers

30

qualitative data analysis occurs

concurrently with data collection