Flashcards in Midterm Deck (107)
Activity in which one engages, ordinary and familiar things that people do every day
Treatment for an illness or disability
End toward which effort is directed
State or condition of being involved
State or condition of being self reliant
Action for which a person is specifically fitted
Willing to entree the clients world to create a relationship that encourages the other to enhance their life in most meaningful ways
Focuses on meaningful occupations selected by clients and performed in their typical setting
Entails being able to integrate research evidence into the interventions and predict probable outcomes
Evidence based practice
All people are entitled to consideration and compassion (pinel and tuke)
(Ruskin and Morris) opposed to the production of items by machinery, believed it alienated people from nature and their creativity, return to craftsmanship not found in mass produced items
Arts and Craft Movement
President of NationalSociety for the Promotion of OT. Physician from Harvard; "work cure"
Architect; wanted to improve plight of convalescent individuals; dedicated to reforming conditions in asylums.
Father of OT
Mother of OT, "habit training"
Wrote first known book on OT "studies in invalid occupations"
Designer and arts and crafts instructor; believed occupations could be morally uplifting; taught OT at the teachers college in the dept. of nursing and health
Friend of Barton; architect; designed hospitals in Canada and us for TB patients
Secretary and wife of Barton
Committed to holistic perspective and developed the psychobiological approach to mental illness
"Work treatment" used occupation to divert the patients minds always from their emotional disturbances
Moral treatment movement; society of friends; established York Retreat
WWI brought it on; reconstruction program to rehabilitate soldiers
Discovery of new drugs made it possible to discharge many patients (new technologies, splinting, wheelchairs, prosthetics and orthotics)
1942-1960; teach patients ADLs, design orthotic devices, progressive resistive exercises, muscle reeducation techniques, evaluating patients vocational altitudes and abilities
Ability to carry out ADL
Ex: meal prep, caring for others, budget
Use of specific occupation to bring about change in clients performance. Concerned with process more than end product.
Occupation as a means
Designed outcome or product of intervention derived from persons values, experiences and culture ex: putting on a shirt.
Occupation as an ends