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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (107)
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Activity in which one engages, ordinary and familiar things that people do every day

Occupation

1

Treatment for an illness or disability

Therapy

2

End toward which effort is directed

Goal

3

State or condition of being involved

Activity

4

State or condition of being self reliant

Independent

5

Action for which a person is specifically fitted

Function

6

Willing to entree the clients world to create a relationship that encourages the other to enhance their life in most meaningful ways

Client-centered practice

7

Focuses on meaningful occupations selected by clients and performed in their typical setting

Occupation-centered practice

8

Entails being able to integrate research evidence into the interventions and predict probable outcomes

Evidence based practice

9

All people are entitled to consideration and compassion (pinel and tuke)

Moral treatment

10

(Ruskin and Morris) opposed to the production of items by machinery, believed it alienated people from nature and their creativity, return to craftsmanship not found in mass produced items

Arts and Craft Movement

11

President of NationalSociety for the Promotion of OT. Physician from Harvard; "work cure"

Hall

12

Architect; wanted to improve plight of convalescent individuals; dedicated to reforming conditions in asylums.

Barton

13

Father of OT

Dunton

14

Mother of OT, "habit training"

Slagle

15

Wrote first known book on OT "studies in invalid occupations"

Tracy

16

Designer and arts and crafts instructor; believed occupations could be morally uplifting; taught OT at the teachers college in the dept. of nursing and health

Johnson

17

Friend of Barton; architect; designed hospitals in Canada and us for TB patients

Kidner

18

Secretary and wife of Barton

Newton

19

Committed to holistic perspective and developed the psychobiological approach to mental illness

Meyer

20

"Work treatment" used occupation to divert the patients minds always from their emotional disturbances

Pinel

21

Moral treatment movement; society of friends; established York Retreat

Tuke

22

WWI brought it on; reconstruction program to rehabilitate soldiers

Reconstruction aides

23

Discovery of new drugs made it possible to discharge many patients (new technologies, splinting, wheelchairs, prosthetics and orthotics)

Deinstitutionalization

24

1942-1960; teach patients ADLs, design orthotic devices, progressive resistive exercises, muscle reeducation techniques, evaluating patients vocational altitudes and abilities

Rehabilitation Movement

25

Ability to carry out ADL

Occupational performance

26

Ex: meal prep, caring for others, budget

Instrumental ADL

27

Use of specific occupation to bring about change in clients performance. Concerned with process more than end product.

Occupation as a means

28

Designed outcome or product of intervention derived from persons values, experiences and culture ex: putting on a shirt.

Occupation as an ends

29

Purposeful activity with meaning, central to OT practice

Client-centered approach