Flashcards in Midterm - COG Deck (55)
The two main types of cells in the nervous system are the ______ and the ________.
Name three types of sensory neurons (receptors)
At the cellular level, information is transmitted in the nervous system by the conversion of what kinds of energy?
electrical energy into chemical energy and then back to electrical energy
Chemical cellular communication happens at the
What does neurotransmitter do?
chemical messengers that transmit a message from a nerve cell across the synapse to a target cell
The divisions of the nervous system are the: ____ nervous system and the ______ nervous system
What two structures make up the central nervous system?
brain and spinal cord
The divisions of the peripheral nervous system are the _____ nervous system and the ______ nervous system
The outer coverings of the brain include the _____ mater, ______ ______ mater, and the ______ mater
dura, arachnoid membrane, pia
The main components/structures in the brain include the cerebrum, the ______, the _______, and the _______ _______.
cerebellum; brainstem; subcortical structures
Grey matter is grey because it consists of what?
densely packed cell bodies
Name the 5 lobes of the brain
Although there may be involvement across multiple lobes of the brain for cognition, the main lobe is believed to be the:
Which cortex of the frontal lobe is typically associated with the executive function? The _____ cortex.
If you were to experience agnosia, or inability to recognize objects, this would likely be due to damage of the _____ lobe of the brain
Visual processing is believed to be involved with the _____ lobe of the brain.
Balance is typically associated with this part of the brain: the _____
The brain's subcortical structures include the: thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, hippocampus, _____, and the ______.
amygdala; basal ganglia
The subcortical structure believed to form and store memories associated with emotional events is the _____
The three parts of the brainstem from superior to inferior are the:
The portion of the midbrain that produces the neurotransmitter dopamine is the ______
T/F Efferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body.
T/F Afferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body.
Which type of tracts in the CNS provide intrahemispheric connection? The ______ tracts.
The two arterial systems in the brain are the _____ arteries, which provide posterior blood circulation, and the ______ arteries, which provide anterior circulation.
Cognition is an umbrella term for all higher mental processes, including: ______, _______, _______, ______.
According to Sohlberh and Mateer (1987, 2001, 2010), the two broad component types of attention are: _____ and ______.
sustained; executive control of attention
The four types of attention under executive control are:
selective, alternating, suppression, working memory
Attention is always defined in relation to a ______