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Flashcards in Midterm - COG Deck (55)
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1

The two main types of cells in the nervous system are the ______ and the ________.

glial, neurons

2

Name three types of sensory neurons (receptors)

photoreceptors
mechanoreceptors
chemoreceptors
thermoreceptors
baroreceptors
proprioreceptors

3

At the cellular level, information is transmitted in the nervous system by the conversion of what kinds of energy?

electrical energy into chemical energy and then back to electrical energy

4

Chemical cellular communication happens at the

synaptic cleft

5

What does neurotransmitter do?

chemical messengers that transmit a message from a nerve cell across the synapse to a target cell

6

The divisions of the nervous system are the: ____ nervous system and the ______ nervous system

central; peripheral

7

What two structures make up the central nervous system?

brain and spinal cord

8

The divisions of the peripheral nervous system are the _____ nervous system and the ______ nervous system

somatic; autonomic

9

The outer coverings of the brain include the _____ mater, ______ ______ mater, and the ______ mater

dura, arachnoid membrane, pia

10

The main components/structures in the brain include the cerebrum, the ______, the _______, and the _______ _______.

cerebellum; brainstem; subcortical structures

11

Grey matter is grey because it consists of what?

densely packed cell bodies

12

Name the 5 lobes of the brain

frontal
parietal
temporal
occipital
insula

13

Although there may be involvement across multiple lobes of the brain for cognition, the main lobe is believed to be the:

frontal lobe

14

Which cortex of the frontal lobe is typically associated with the executive function? The _____ cortex.

prefrontal

15

If you were to experience agnosia, or inability to recognize objects, this would likely be due to damage of the _____ lobe of the brain

parietal

16

Visual processing is believed to be involved with the _____ lobe of the brain.

occipital

17

Balance is typically associated with this part of the brain: the _____

cerebellum

18

The brain's subcortical structures include the: thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, hippocampus, _____, and the ______.

amygdala; basal ganglia

19

The subcortical structure believed to form and store memories associated with emotional events is the _____

amygdala

20

The three parts of the brainstem from superior to inferior are the:

midbrain
pons
medulla

21

The portion of the midbrain that produces the neurotransmitter dopamine is the ______

substantia nigra

22

T/F Efferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body.

True

23

T/F Afferent nerves travel from the CNS to the body.

False

24

Which type of tracts in the CNS provide intrahemispheric connection? The ______ tracts.

association

25

The two arterial systems in the brain are the _____ arteries, which provide posterior blood circulation, and the ______ arteries, which provide anterior circulation.

vertebral; carotid

26

Cognition is an umbrella term for all higher mental processes, including: ______, _______, _______, ______.

LAME
Language
Attention
Memory
Executive functions

27

According to Sohlberh and Mateer (1987, 2001, 2010), the two broad component types of attention are: _____ and ______.

sustained; executive control of attention

28

The four types of attention under executive control are:

selective, alternating, suppression, working memory

29

Attention is always defined in relation to a ______

stimuli

30

What areas of the brain are devoted to attention? (lobes)

parietal, temporal, and frontal lobe