Flashcards in Midterm deck 2 Deck (25):
What are other names for SLI?
Language impairment/disorder/delay, persistent language impairment, preschool language disorder
What is the primary term we use to refer to a language impairment that is NOT associated with other disorders (ASD, HL, etc.)
Developmental language disorder! No more SLI.
How many kids with SLI in kindergarten had a dx of dyslexia in 2-8 grade?
25% depending on how liberal criteria was!
Are phonological deficits seen in both SLI and dyslexia?
No, only in dyslexia. SLI in isolation did not.
Why do phonological awareness skill decrease?
Gets worse because leads to deficit in reading, no exposure to more complex forms, decode, and decode letter correspondence rules...
What is the CELF average scaled score?
What is Sentence Comp on CELF 5
Test to evaluate student's ability to interpret spoken sentences of increasing length and complexity and select pictures that illustrate referential meaning of sentence (ex: what one is she is climbing and he is swinging?)
If someone scores poorly on sentence comp on CELF what would it look like functionally?
Difficulty following directions, contents of books, ability to retain info... still need to look at pictures and extract infor yourself, score won't tell you!
What is word structure on CELF 5
Evaluates students ability to apply word structure rules (morphology) and select and use appropriate pronouns (here is a watch, here are two.....)
What is formulated sentences on CELF 5
Test to evaluate ability to formulate simple, compound and complex sentences when given grammatical constraints (formulate sentence based on a picture (use word unless for ex))
What is recalling sentences subtest on CELF 5?
Evaluates students ability to recall and reproduce sentences of varying length and syntactic complexity.
If poor score on recalling sentences...
Perhaps cannot comprehend? Attention?
If a score is average, can you say it's JUST within range?
What is understanding spoken paragraphs subtest?
Evaluates ability to sustain attention and focus, create meaning from narratives, answer questions, use critical thinking strategies
What is a reason to not administer understanding spoken paragraphs?
requires student to maintain attention, if student off task, if student fatigued and test integrity compromised
What are the two types of causes for reading disorders?
What are three extrinsic causes of RD?
Early literacy experiences
What are 6 intrinsic causes of RD?
What are matthew effects?
The rich get richer, poor get poorer= low expectations, limited practice, poor MO. Spirals into more problems read less and read less challenging things...
What is reading a source of?
New vocab, advanced grammatical skills, discourse knowledge
Are RD genetic?
Yes, child w sibling with RD has 40% chance, w/ parent has 30-40%-- twins monozygotic has 68% chance
Explain neurological causes of RD?
Associated with left hemisphere- possibly temporoparietal (langauge based), occipital/posterior (visual), probably a combo that vary depending on type and severity.
Explain how auditory processing deficits cause RD...
Difficulty perceiving changing sounds, sensitivity to prosodic features of syllables MAY be a promising explanation.
How do attention based deficits cause RD?
Inattention impulsivity and over reactivity often cooccur- overlaps with inattention in RD, reading requires attention!!