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Flashcards in Midterm Exam Deck (68)
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1

the environment consists of

external factors
physical
nutritional
social
behavioral
and other factors that act upon humans

2

the built environment is made up of...

our surroundings
buildings
neighborhoods
streets
roads
parks
cities
THESE ARE ALL MAN MADE; WE CREATE PERMANENT STRUCTURES

3

Ecology

how organisms adapt to the environment
we adapt to our urban environment
(its cold out so we layer up)

4

natural environment

natural elevations
change of weather/ seasons
HUMANS ARE PART OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT

5

social environment

relationships we have
family, friends, intimate relationships, coworkers, professors

6

what is involved in the quality of life

public health
population health

7

community

on a smaller scale than population
1. a group pf individuals with something in common
2. place/ location
3. race, ethnicity, religion

8

gate keepers

someone who allows you into the community
have to earn their trust, interact with them etc
resonates the message to the community

9

health

state or condition of the human organism that results from a person's interactions and adaptations to his or her environment

10

community health

less conventional
multiple approaches

11

professionals in community health

gate keepers
peer educators
empowerment
community organising (civil protesting)

12

urban health

function of living conditions shaped by municipal, social, environal determinants, national and global trends

13

urban penalty

the urban penalty cities concentrate poor or undeserved people and expose them to unhealth, physical and social environment

14

what are the determinants of individual/population health

1. lifestyle/ behavior (DAILY CHOICES YOU MAKE, DIET, FITNESS, SEX, DRUGS)

2. socio economics (IMPACTS HEALTH, EDUCATION, OCCUPATION)

3. environment ( SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT, PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, NUTRITIONAL ENVIRONMENT) (WHERE YOU ARE LOCATED)

4. biology/ genetics (lifestyle choices can affect our biology in the future/ predisposed to conditions, what you are given at birth)

5. access to health care (PRIMARY PREVENTATIVE CARE)

6. social/ health policies (IMPACT A MASS AMOUNT OF PEOPLES HEALTH LAWS THAT DIRECT ACTION/ PROMOTE PUBLIC HEALTH_

15

leading causes of death and chronic disease are

heart disease

cancer

diabetes

stroke

injuries

mental illness

16

the leading causes of death and disease are related to ....

community design choices
CAN BE IMPACTED BY BUILT ENVIRONMENT

17

public health aims to prevent

premature death, disease and disability

THIS IS DONE BY PLANNED PROGRAMS AND INTERVENTION

18

public health practice is evidence based and relys on

surveillance and data collection

BASED ON DATA

19

major public health strategies include

primary prevention
secondary intervention and treatment
tertiary intervention

20

primary prevention

health education

vaccines

policies

21

secondary intervention and treatment

testing/ screening
early detection

22

tertiary intervention

after someone has a disease, condition, surgery etc

23

epidemiology

methodology for data collection, evaluation and public health practice

STUDY OF DISTRIBUTION/ PATTERNS OF DISEASES AND DETERMINENTS OF DISEASE, MORTALITY AND OTHER EVENTS OF PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE AND THE ANALYSIS TO IDENTIFY HEALTH PROBLEMS AND VIABLE SOLUTIONS

24

empirical scientific principles/ scientific method

"hunch"
hypothesis

experiment and gather data, make a conclusion, validate hypothesis through experimentation

25

public health

assessment through data gathering, indentification of problems, propose solutions

26

what are some of the 20th century achievements in public health

vaccination

motor vehicle safety

control of infectious diseases

decline of deaths from CHD and stroke

healthier mothers and babies

safer and healthier foods

safer work places

family planning

fluoridation of drinking water

recognition of tobacco use as a health hazzard

27

what are the 4 overachieving goals of the Healthy People 2020

1. attain high quality, longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury, and premature death

2. achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups

3. create social and physical environments that promote good health for all

4. promote quality of life, health development, amd healthy behaviors across all life stages

28

epidemic

unexpectedly large number of cases of an illness, specific health related behavior or event, in a particular population

THIS IS AN OUTBREAK

29

endemic

disease that occurs regularly in a population as a matter of course

30

pandemic

outbreak over wide geographic area