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Flashcards in Midterm Exam Deck (33):


The unselfish concern for others

(The idea that a human being can somehow get outside of his or her own self-centered motives by genuinely caring and acting on behalf of others)
-a fantasy in regards to social change


Benefit corporation

a traditional corporation with modified obligations committing it to higher standards of purpose, accountability and transparency



“Someone who is taking creative action to solve a social problem.”
-Intentional about solving a social problem
-Motivated to act


Conferred dominance

a form of privilege that gives one group power over another


Dunning-Kruger effect

“relatively unskilled persons suffer illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their ability to be much higher than it really is.”
-We often think the problems we know less about are easier to solve.
-Why do we focus outside? If we focus on problems we have lived or that are closer to home, we might have to admit our failures to address them.



1. the process of renovating and improving a house or district so that it conforms to middle-class taste.
2. "an area undergoing rapid gentrification"
○ the process of making a person or activity more refined or polite.



-A founder who is greatly admired, as if a hero, and viewed as the main actor in social progress
-A person who starts an organization and who overemphasizes their role as founder, overshadowing beams, collective impact, and building upon the ideas of others


Impact Investing

A form of investment funding that is usually funded by a group of social venture capitalists or an impact investor to provide seed-funding investment, in return to achieve a reasonable gain in financial return while delivering social impact to the community/world



"A theory of political economic practices that proposes that human well-being can best be advanced by liberating individual entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within and institutional framework characterized by strong property rights, free markets, and free trade.”

The cultural consequences of neoliberalism:
“it has ushered a new age of responsibility, in which responsibility -which once meant the moral duty to help and support others- has come to suggest an obligation to be self-sufficient.”



state or condition of being equal; need to get involved and feel others’ pain



-“Hyperagents” who have the capacity to do some essential things far better than anyone else.
-See a world full of big problems that they, and perhaps only they, can and must put right
-Difference with savior mentality puts this title on someone else



“Privilege exists when one group has something of value that is denied to others simply because of the groups they belong to, rather than because of anything they have done or failed to do”
-Unearned advantage
-Conferred dominance


Prototypical savior

A person who has been raised in privilege and taught implicitly or explicitly (or both) that they posses the answers and skills needed to rescue others, no matter the situation


Psychological Safety

‘‘shared belief held by members of a team that the team is safe for interpersonal risk-taking.’’
‘‘a sense of confidence that the team will not embarrass, reject or punish someone for speaking up,’’
‘It describes a team climate characterized by interpersonal trust and mutual respect in which people are comfortable being themselves.’’


Social enterprise

An organization that applies commercial strategies to maximize improvements in financial, social and environmental well-being.
It’s main purpose is to promote, encourage, and make social change.
They can be for-profit or non-profit


Social innovation

“A novel solution to a social problem that is more effective, efficient, sustainable, or just than existing solutions and for which the value accrues primarily to society as a whole rather than private individuals"


Systems-led strategy

Making decisions about your personal or organizational social impact strategy based on understanding the systems within which you work and then envisioning wider system change goals (goals you know you can’t achieve alone but which help guide your actions so that those actions connect with, build upon, and contribute to the wider impact of the collective)


Triple bottom line

An accounting framework that measures performance based on 3 elements:
1. Financial profit or loss
2. Social Impact
3. Environmental Impact



The voluntary giving of help, typically in the form of money, to those in need.
-often an expression of a belief that current injustices will continue forever.
-a “moral safety valve” that means more fundamental change cannot occur
-Christian Charity emphasizes the intent and purity of the giver above notions of efficacy on actual social change


Poverty of means

the scarcity of an action or system required to change an undesirable situation



the fundamental nonexistence of something that’s desperately needed.
An absence where there should be presence.


Experiential Learning Cycle:

-direct experience
-reflecting on experience
-insight from experience


External and Internal locus of control

How we perceive control in our lives
-External Locus of Control: Our successes or failures are a result of factors outside of our control
-Internal Locus of Control: Anything that happens to us (success or failure) is a result of our own efforts.



Lack of success
The action or state of not functioning
State or condition of not meeting a desirable or intended objective
-Fail Forward Strategies


Marketworld and its characteristics

An ascendant power elite that is defined by the concurrent drives to do well and do good, to change the world while also profiting from the status quo.
-A network and a community, but also a culture and a state of mind.
-Approach to suffering “You can innovate the pain away”
Believes and promotes:
-social change should be pursued primarily through the free market and voluntary action, not public life and the law and the reform of the systems people share in common;
-it should be supervised by the winners of capitalism and their allies, and not be antagonistic to their needs;
-the biggest beneficiaries of the status quo should play a leading role in the status quo reform.


Win-Win Approach

-Sees life as a cooperative arena, not a competitive one.
-a frame of mind and heart that constantly seeks mutually benefit in all human interactions.
-means agreements or solutions are mutually beneficial and satisfying


Characteristics of Savior Mentality

▰ You want to help others but are not open to guidance from those you want to help
▰ There’s a fundamental belief that you are better than those you are rescuing
▰ In order to support the communities that are not your own you need to remain in charge
▰ A savior always wants to lead but never to follow
▰ Savior mentality always looks for solutions by working within the system, why?


Win-Win approach impact/ outcomes

-social enterprises
-social venture capital- impact investing
-benefit corporations
-double and triple bottom line
-give-one-get-one products


Win-Win approach consequences

-ignore root causes
-solution is oriented around the solver’s needs more than the world’s
-power is still unbalanced
-ignores your role in the issue
-increases gains for those in power (productivity vs. wages)
-unintended consequences


Ways to approach social change without a savior mentality

▰ Sharing power
▰ Work without having to be in charge
▰ Decentering yourself: getting feedback from people who don’t have power over you
▰ Engage with complexity
▰ ...


The Cycle of privilege in relation to poverty

▰ How much education you complete affects how much money you earn
▰ How much money you earn affects where you can live AND the quality of health care you can access.
▰ Where you can live affects how many health hazards you face AND the quality of education your children can access.
▰ How much education your children complete affects how much money they earn...
(the cycle repeats generation after generation)


Apprenticing with the problem (Papi-Thorton Video and reading)

-A first-hand experience, enabling those who did not live a problem to learn about it and develop a deep understanding of its complexity
-A long-term direct learning opportunity which gives someone an intimate understanding of a social or environmental issue
-The only way to fill the skill/experience gap for those seeking a leadership role in solving a problem of which they don't have the lived experience


Apprenticing with the problem examples

-Spending a number of years working for an organization that is directly addressing an issue, and using that time to get to understand the problem and to know those who have experienced it directly
-Substantial first-person research with a community marginalized by the problem or with one or more organizations working to address the problem