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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (165)
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0

What is the goal of science and it's models?

Workability

1

Give an example of qualitative data?

Color of a shirt

2

When a hypothesis makes as few assumptions and is as simple as possible, what principle of logic has been followed?

Ockham's razor

3

What is a simple, testable statement of a prediction based on available information?

Hypothesis

4

Who discovered the element oxygen?

Joseph Priestly

5

Which branch of chemistry primarily studies compounds contained carbon?

Organic chemistry

6

Alchemists were known for trying to convent ordinary metals into __________.

Gold

7

What is anything that occupies space and mass?

Matter

8

The Sumerians were skilled in the science of obtaining metals from ores. What is this science called?

Metallurgy

9

What were the four basic elements the Greeks believed made up the universe?

Earth
Air
Fire
Water

10

The logical thinking demanded by a course in chemistry helps Christians to further develop the ability to think critically.

T/F

True

11

Alchemists were known for their experimentations.

T/F

True

12

The Greeks desired knowledge rather than practical skills.

T/F

True

13

Scientific theories should be accepted without question because they have results from thorough investigation.

T/F

False

14

The scientific method, when used properly, can lead a person to determine absolute truth.

T/F

False

15

As Christians, we all believe were all created how?

In God's image

16

What science explorers natural products and processes for specific purposes and applications?

Applied science

17

What physical property explains materials that can be drawn into long, thin wires?

Ductility

18

What is the most conductive metal?

Silver

19

The measure of disorder or randomness of particles is also known as ______________.

Entropy

20

What is the change from a gas to a liquid called?

Condensation

21

Identify each of the following chemical formula: 5H2O

5- coefficient
2- subscript
H&O- element
Chemical symbol

22

What is matter?

Is anything that takes up space and has mass

23

Identify three characteristics of a solid:

Definite volume
Definite shape
Difficult to compress

24

What is the study of movement and conservation of energy?

Thermodynamics

25

What are changes that result in changes of the identity of a material?

Chemical change

26

What is a pure substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance by ordinary chemical means?

Element

27

What is an example of a molecule that occurs naturally as a monatomic element?

Xenon

28

What is the operation definition of energy?

The ability to do work

29

What energy is responsible for the forming of breaking bonds with other elements?

Chemical energy