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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (30)
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1

Define and explain Potlatch

Trade and destruction of surplus goods in order to gain prestige in a community. Popular in the 19th century.

2

Endogamy

Groups within which one will marry.

3

Exogamy

Groups outside of which one will marry.

4

Incest Taboo

Cannot marry / reproduce with people within your bloodline.

5

Cultural Appropriation

Absorbing outside culture according to emic categories.

6

M.K. Gilmore

British ambassador that introduced cricket into the Trobriand Islands.

7

Kayasa

The adaptation of cricket by the Trobriand Islanders. No limits on teams, used to gain honor and prestige in the community. Islanders don war apparel and commence in chants.

8

Modernization

Spreading capitalism as a means of production in the modern world.

9

Modernizing South Korea

Urbanization from rural, integration of women into waged labor, education, family structure.

10

Functions of Culture

Coping, classification, standards, symbolic communication, natural v. artificial

11

Mode of Production

Way people make a living. Examples: Gathering and hunting, sedentary agriculture, industrial revolution capitalism

12

World Systems Theory

Independent parts work together (different countries)

13

Use Value

Subjective value of what importance of utility to the owner.

14

Exchange Value

Placing value on an item with another in mind, while using money as a convenient middleman.

15

Alienation

relations between production and consumption disappear, only relations between things exit.

16

Commodity Fetishism

social relations between producers are expressed as material relations between things.
Social relations between people are replaced by social relations between things.

17

Sympathetic Magic

Like produces like. EX: pricking a voodoo doll for pain.

18

Contagious Magic

Something will always be associated with something else. EX: Beatles Guitar

19

Gift Economy

Gifts entail the obligation to give, to receive, and to reciprocate.
Objects are never separated from the people who exchange them.
Social relationships are preserved through gifts and material items.

20

Levittown, NY

First mass produced neighborhood with each house looking the same.

21

Difference between Victorian Era housing and Ranch Housing

Victorian Era housing had the idea that each room has a designated purpose on a different floor. Floors and families were separated.
Ranch style housing had houses spread out on one level so that families could feel closer together after WWII.

22

Enculturation

Social process by which culture is learned or transmitted. Not all people are transmitted to the same thing, making culture general but unequal.

23

Homeric Question

1) Who was Homer?
2) How did his poems get transferred down without writing?

24

Edward Hall

Anthropologist of the 70s that studied proxemics.

25

Proxemics

Nonverbal communication through personal space and body movement.

26

Alfred Lord

Pursued the Homeric question and studied poets in Bosnia.

27

Stock Phrases

Phrases where oral epic poets can keep track of where they are.

28

Participatory Observation

Becoming one of the people in a culture to better understand it.

29

Localization

The appropriation of elements of transmitted flows (including commodities, but also persons, discourses, technologies and capital.)

Sex in the City in Korea, food dishes in other food courts.

30

Colonization

Impression of one's culture over the other through political triumph.