Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (30)
Define and explain Potlatch
Trade and destruction of surplus goods in order to gain prestige in a community. Popular in the 19th century.
Groups within which one will marry.
Groups outside of which one will marry.
Cannot marry / reproduce with people within your bloodline.
Absorbing outside culture according to emic categories.
British ambassador that introduced cricket into the Trobriand Islands.
The adaptation of cricket by the Trobriand Islanders. No limits on teams, used to gain honor and prestige in the community. Islanders don war apparel and commence in chants.
Spreading capitalism as a means of production in the modern world.
Modernizing South Korea
Urbanization from rural, integration of women into waged labor, education, family structure.
Functions of Culture
Coping, classification, standards, symbolic communication, natural v. artificial
Mode of Production
Way people make a living. Examples: Gathering and hunting, sedentary agriculture, industrial revolution capitalism
World Systems Theory
Independent parts work together (different countries)
Subjective value of what importance of utility to the owner.
Placing value on an item with another in mind, while using money as a convenient middleman.
relations between production and consumption disappear, only relations between things exit.
social relations between producers are expressed as material relations between things.
Social relations between people are replaced by social relations between things.
Like produces like. EX: pricking a voodoo doll for pain.
Something will always be associated with something else. EX: Beatles Guitar
Gifts entail the obligation to give, to receive, and to reciprocate.
Objects are never separated from the people who exchange them.
Social relationships are preserved through gifts and material items.
First mass produced neighborhood with each house looking the same.
Difference between Victorian Era housing and Ranch Housing
Victorian Era housing had the idea that each room has a designated purpose on a different floor. Floors and families were separated.
Ranch style housing had houses spread out on one level so that families could feel closer together after WWII.
Social process by which culture is learned or transmitted. Not all people are transmitted to the same thing, making culture general but unequal.
1) Who was Homer?
2) How did his poems get transferred down without writing?
Anthropologist of the 70s that studied proxemics.
Nonverbal communication through personal space and body movement.
Pursued the Homeric question and studied poets in Bosnia.
Phrases where oral epic poets can keep track of where they are.
Becoming one of the people in a culture to better understand it.
The appropriation of elements of transmitted flows (including commodities, but also persons, discourses, technologies and capital.)
Sex in the City in Korea, food dishes in other food courts.