Minerals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Minerals Deck (21):
1

Why are minerals essential

Because we cannot make minerals they come from food and water

2

Do minerals change

No minerals do not change unlike vitamins. Minerals can be lost in water.

3

Seven major minerals

Calcium and phosphorus sulfur potassium magnesium sodium chloride

4

Nine trace minerals

Iron zinc copper iodine selenium manganese Fluorine chromium Mollybendum

less than a teaspoon. Essential to life comes from the earth

5

Calcium

Most abundant 2% of weight in bones and teeth 1000 mg for adults. Pregnant women and nursing women need to 1200 mg more and also 50 +
In one year 20% of bones are replaced enter age 20 3 pounds of calcium and bones
Age 21 we start spending our calcium osteoporosis calcium deficiency

6

Phosphorus

DNA RNA builds bones metabolism

7

Metabolism

Reaction our body uses to expend energy from food

8

Potassium

Electrolyte Ions nerve and muscle function 4700 mg per day

9

Sulfur

Found in protein

10

Sodium and chloride

Electrolytes found in salt
1500 mg for 19to 50-year-olds
1300 51-70
1200 70+

2300 most

11

Magnesium

Ounce or less half and bones helps with elasticity works with calcium

12

Iron

Heme animal 10%
Non heme animal and plant 90%

13

Zinc

In every cell blood clots oysters 11 mg men 8 mg women

14

Copper

Enzymes metabolism

15

Iodine

Deficiency called goiter

16

Selenium

50 years heart thyroid oxidation prevention

17

Manganese

Small amount metabolism

18

Fluorine

Teeth bones and water

19

Chromium

Insulin diabetes

20

Molybdenum

Iron zinc

21

130 pound person

4 pounds of minerals ounces of vitamins