Minor ailments Flashcards Preview

The Pharmacist (Y3) > Minor ailments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Minor ailments Deck (119)
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1

What are the danger eliminations for mouth ulcers?

More than 5, bigger than 1cm
Diabetic
Weight loss
Failed meds
ADRs
Painless ulcer
Duration >3 weeks
Recurrent ulcer

2

What is the timescale for referral for a mouth ulcer?

1 week

3

What are the danger eliminations for oral thrush?

ADRs
Recurrent
Diabetes
Painless lesions
Failed meds

4

What is the timescale for referral for oral thrush?

1 week

5

What are the treatment options for mouth ulcers?

Chlorhexidine gluconate
Lidocaine
Choline salicylate

6

What is the treatment option for oral thrush?

Miconazole

7

What are the danger eliminations for dyspepsia?

Regurgitation
Weight loss
>5 days
Pain radiating to arm
Blood in stools/vomit
>45yrs, first time
Long duration
Difficulty swallowing

8

What is the timescale for referral for dyspepsia?

1 week

9

What are the treatment options for indigestion?

H2 antagonists
Antacids

10

What are the treatment options for heartburn?

Antacids
Alginates
H2 antagonists
PPI

11

What are the danger eliminations for N+V?

>48h
<2yrs
Blood in vomit

12

What is the timescale for referral for N+V?

1 day children
2 days adults

13

What is the treatment option for N+V?

Diaoralyte

14

What are the danger eliminations for motion sickness?

Glaucoma
Failed meds

15

What are the treatment options for motion sickness?

Cinnarizine
Promethazine
Hyoscine

16

What are the danger eliminations for constipation?

Change in bowel habit >2 weeks
Blood in stools
Failed meds
ADR

17

What is the timescale for referral for constipation?

1 week

18

What are the treatment options for constipation?

Stimulant laxative: sennosides
Bulking laxative: isphagula
Osmotic laxatives: lactulose

19

What are the danger eliminations for diarrhoea?

>1 day in <1yr
>2 days in <3yrs
>3 days in adults
Blood in stools
Recent travel abroad
Pregnancy
ADRs

20

What is the timescale for referral for diarrhoea?

1 day child
2 days adults

21

What are the treatment options for diarrhoea?

Diaoralyte
Loperamide

22

What are the danger eliminations for threadworms?

Signs of infection
Recent travel abroad
Failed meds

23

In which conditions are the whole family treated?

Threadworms
Scabies
Head lice

24

What is the timescale for referral for threadworms?

2-3 weeks

25

What is the treatment option for threadworms?

Mebendazole

26

What are the danger eliminations for IBS?

<16yrs
Weight loss
Blood in stools
Failed meds
No previous history
N+V

27

What is the timescale for referral for IBS?

1 week

28

What are the treatment options for IBS?

Hyoscine
Peppermint oil
Laxatives - if constipated
Loperamide - if diarrhoea

29

What are the danger eliminations for haemorrhoids?

Blood in stools
Persistent changes in bowel habits
>3 weeks
ADRs

30

What is the timescale for referral for haemorrhoids?

1 week