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Medical Anatomy > Miscellaneous > Flashcards

Flashcards in Miscellaneous Deck (35):
1

What 3 structures pass through the Caval Aperture?

Inferior Vena Cava. Right Phrenic Nerve, Lymphatic vessels of the liver.

2

What 3 structure pass through the Esophageal Aperture?

Esophagus, Esophagus Vessels, Vagus Nerves

3

What 3 structures pass through the Aortic Aperture?

Aorta, Thoracic Duct, Azygos and Hemiazygos Veins

4

Which nerve is embedded within Psoas Major Muscle?

GenitoFemoral Nerve

5

Which nerve passes through Illiacus Muscle

Femoral Cutaneous Nerve

6

Which Artery is classified as "paired visceral" and branches directly from the aorta and a lateral direction?

Middle Suprarenal Artery

7

Phrenic Nerve Innervation come from which thoracic columnar coordinates

C3, C4, C5

8

Name the level of the Caval Opening, Esophageal Hiatus, and Aortic Hiatus Respectively..

T8, T10, T12

9

What level is the Inferior Mesenteric Artery branching off the Aorta

L3

10

What Level is the superior Mesenteric and Renal Arteries branching of the Aorta

L1

11

What is the normal Obstetric Conjugate length for a woman?

11 cm or greater. (Measures from Sacral Promontory to margin of Pubic Symphysis)

12

Name the 5 structures that make the Pubic Outlet..

Pubic Symphysis
Ischiopubic Rami
Ischial Tuberosity
Sacrotuberosity Ligament
Coccyx

13

What are the normal pelvic shapes of a typical female and male respectively?

Gynecoid and Android

14

What are the nerve root origins of the Obturator Nerve

L2, L3, L4

15

Which Nerve supplies all the viscera of the pelvis, & Perineum?

Pelvic Splanchnic Nerves (S2, S3, S4) (Parasympathetic Innervation)

16

Pelvic Splanchnic Nerve is responsible for which 3 simulations

Urination, Defecation, Erection

17

Iliolumbar Artery
Lateral Sacral Artery
Superior Gluteal Artery

All branch from which artery?

Posterior Division of Internal Iliac Artery

18

Obturator Artery
Internal Pudendal Artery
Inferior Gluteal Artery
Umbilical Artery
Superior and Inferior Vesical Artery
Middle Rectal Artery
Uterine and Vaginal Artery

All branch from which Artery?

Anterior Division of Internal Iliac Artery

19

Deep Circumflex Iliac Artery
Inferior Epigastric Artery

All branch from which Artery?

External Iliac Artery

20

Which artery branching from Anterior Division of Internal Iliac Artery is only found in males?

Inferior Vesical Artery

21

Superior Rectal Vein drains into which vein?

Inferior Mesenteric Vein

22

Middle Rectal Vein drains into which vein?

Internal Iliac vein then IVC

23

Inferior Rectal Vein drains into which vein?

Pudendal Vein then Internal Iliac vein then IVC

24

Superior Vesical Artery branches off which artery with in Anterior Division?

Umbilical Artery

25

Explain the arterial supply of jejunum ...

Superior mesenteric
Long Arterial Arcades
Few Large Vasa Recta

Jejunum is involved with much nutrient absorption and therefore needs more arterial supply resulting in longer vasa recta and few large arterial arcades.

26

Explain the arterial supply of ileum ...

Superior mesenteric
Short Arterial Arcades
Many Small Vasa Recta

Ileum is not involved with much nutrient absorption and therefore needs less arterial supply. So they have short vasa recta and short and many arterial arcades.

27

Name 4 main features of the Large colon viscera that assist in peristalsis movement of stool.

Teniae Coli
Omental (epiplotic) Appendices
Haustra
Plicae Semilunaris (Semilunar Folds)

28

The portal triad passes through which ligament?

Hepatoduodenal Ligament

29

The anterior wall of the inguinal canal is made of what?

External oblique aponeurosis

30

The posterior wall of the inguinal canal is made of what?

Tranversalis fascia

31

Which
lymph nodes will scrotal cancer cells most likely metastasize to first?

Superficial inguinal

32

Where is the appendicular artery located?

Travelling through the mesoappendix

33

Which of the following is the most
common position of
the uterus?

Anteverted and Anteflexed

34

Medical imaging reveals that there is fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity. Where can a needle be inserted to aspirate some of the fluid to evaluate it?

Posterior Vaginal Fornix

35

Which artery is responsible for erection>

Depp artery of the penis