mock exam3 Flashcards Preview

MFT Law and Ethics Exam > mock exam3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in mock exam3 Deck (75)
Loading flashcards...
1

A therapist is treating an incarcerated client in the prison system. The client is in prison for drug charges. The client shares that they used to shoplift food in order to have enough to eat. How should the therapist handle the disclosure?



A. Remind the client of the limits of confidentiality.


B. Inform the client that the information will be shared with the parole board.


C. Report the information to the parole board.


D. Maintain confidentiality.

D. Maintain confidentiality.

2

A therapist in private practice has been treating a family for four months when the father is unexpectedly laid off from his job. The parents come to the therapist explaining that they can no longer afford to pay the full fee for sessions; the therapist believes the family is in need of further treatment, especially now. What should the therapist do?



A. Provide free services to the family.


B. Provide the parents with job postings and interview techniques.


C. Refer the family to a low-fee community counseling center.


D. Provide a sliding scale based fee for the family.

D. Provide a sliding scale based fee for the family.

3

A 55-year-old male client is talking with his therapist about past trauma. He reports that he recently noticed he is feeling more tired and having a hard time with memory. How should the therapist proceed?



A. Refer to psychiatrist.


B. Refer to doctor.


C. Refer for psychological exam.


D. Continue with therapy.

B. Refer to doctor.

4

A therapist is treating a mother, stepfather, 12-year-old son and 4-year-old daughter for family therapy. The mother requests that the therapist speak to the son’s teacher because he has been complaining of problems in the classroom. When obtaining a release to speak to the teacher, whom should the therapist have sign the release?



A. The son


B. The mother


C. The entire family


D. The mother, the step-father and the son

D. The mother, the step-father and the son

5

A client signs a release of information authorizing her therapist to speak to her psychiatrist about her medication history. During the call, the psychiatrist asks for details about the client’s treatment and childhood history. The therapist should:



A. Provide the information.


B. Limit discussion to scope of release.


C. Ask the psychiatrist if there are things in the client’s history that are concerning.


D. Determine if sharing information would benefit client.

B. Limit discussion to scope of release.

6

A therapist in private practice receives a client referral from another therapist. The referring therapist calls to find out how the first session went with the client. The therapist should FIRST:



A. Thank the therapist for the referral.


B. Inform the therapist that no information can be shared without a release.


C. Ask the therapist how she knows the client.


D. Obtain a release from the client to speak with the therapist.

B. Inform the therapist that no information can be shared without a release.

7

A school counselor refers a 10 year-old boy for therapy due to his aggressive behavior towards other students in his class. The mother states that her son is respectful in the home and plays well with his neighbors and his two younger siblings. After obtaining a psychosocial history from the mother, the therapist should next:



A. Obtain a release from son to talk with school counselor.


B. Refer the son for psychological testing.

C. Obtain further information about the son’s behavior from the father.


D. Obtain a release from mother to talk with the school counselor.

D. Obtain a release from mother to talk with the school counselor.

8

After treating a client for three months the therapist learns that they are both members of the same health club. The client asks when the therapist works out and suggests that they should meet up sometime. The therapist should:



A. Accept the invitation after discussing importance of boundaries.


B. Determine whether it is in the client’s best interest to meet.


C. Decline the invitation.


D. Agree to meet him once he terminates treatment.

C. Decline the invitation.

9

While assessing a 71-year-old man, the therapist learns that he has not left his house in over a month. He is thin and says he lives off top ramen and chicken soup. His phone has been disconnected for the past week because he forgot to pay the bill. His children live out of state and he doesn’t like to worry them. He can’t remember the last time he went to the doctor, but he has a card from the office. His apartment is full of garbage. What initial resource is most appropriate in this case:



A. Psychiatric Evaluation Team


B. Meals on Wheels


C. Take him immediately to his doctor


D. Adult Protective Services

D. Adult Protective Services

10

According to HIPAA all of the following are true regarding psychotherapy notes EXCEPT:



A. Psychotherapy notes should be separate from medical record.


B. Psychotherapy notes document the contents of the session.


C. Psychotherapy notes are released to third-party payers for billing.


D. Psychotherapy notes are generally not accessed by the client.

C. Psychotherapy notes are released to third-party payers for billing.

11

A therapist runs into a former client at the mall a year after their treatment ended. The client asks the therapist out to dinner and a movie and the therapist accepts. The therapist's actions are:


A. Acceptable because the former client initiated the relationship.


B. Acceptable because the therapy was terminated at least 1 year ago.


C. Unethical but legal.


D. Unethical and illegal.

C. Unethical but legal.

12

A new client discloses that she had sexual relations with her previous therapist. After providing the client with the brochure “Professional Therapy Never Includes Sex”, the therapist should:


A. Encourage the client to file a report with the BBS.


B. File a report with the BBS.


C. Call and confront the therapist.


D. Inform colleagues of therapist’s actions.

A. Encourage the client to file a report with the BBS.

13

A therapist responds to a flyer advertising housekeeping service and realizes during the discussion that the person is a former client. The former client recognizes the therapist and offers her services at half price, adding that she really needs work. The therapist’s BEST response is to:



A. Explain to the former client that once they have been a client they will always be seen as a client by this therapist.


B. Politely decline services.


C. Hire client’s housekeeping service, but explain the need to pay regular price.


D. Discuss the boundary issues with the former client.

B. Politely decline services.

14

In which of the following situations should involuntary hospitalization be considered?


A. A person indicates a plan and intent to cause self-harm.


B. A person demonstrates failure to provide shelter.


C. A person refuses medical treatment.


D. A person states intent to kill his boss.

A. A person indicates a plan and intent to cause self-harm.

15

A client, who is an electrician, recently terminated with his therapist. In the final session, he expressed financial difficulties due to lack of work. The therapist needs electrical work done in his home and considers offering the job to the client. The therapist should:



A. Offer the job to the client if it is clear the client will no longer need counseling.


B. Not offer the job to the client in order to avoid a dual relationship.


C. Seek consultation with colleagues.


D. Offer the job since the therapeutic relationship has ended.

B. Not offer the job to the client in order to avoid a dual relationship.

16

A 19-year-old woman is referred by her medical doctor for therapy for anxiety. During the session, the client reports that she was sexually molested by her gymnastics coach when she was in junior high school. She states that she loved him and doesn’t want him to get in any trouble. Based on this disclosure, the therapist legally should:


A. Maintain confidentiality.


B. File a child abuse report because the coach could be doing it to others.


C. Explore why the client wants to protect the coach.


D. Encourage client to file the report.

A. Maintain confidentiality.

17

A therapist begins treatment with a 17 year-old girl who is newly pregnant and trying to decide what to do about the pregnancy. After several sessions, the therapist realizes that her own value system may be interfering with the client’s treatment. What should the therapist do NEXT?


A. Consult with a supervisor or colleague to try and resolve the dilemma.


B. Refer the client to another therapist.


C. Provide the client with a referral to a family planning agency.


D. Acknowledge mixed feelings within oneself and discuss them with the client.

A. Consult with a supervisor or colleague to try and resolve the dilemma.

18

A therapist finds herself overwhelmed by disturbing images of her sister’s death each time a particular client begins to describe her own bereavement. How should the therapist manage the situation?



A. By discontinuing treatment because the therapeutic neutrality has been compromised.


B. By focusing the therapy on the therapist’s own experiences with death.


C. By encouraging the client to discuss less emotionally reactive material.


D. By seeking professional help to address unresolved issues.

D. By seeking professional help to address unresolved issues.

19

An agency therapist is experiencing difficulty concentrating and completing work-related tasks after the recent death of a parent. A colleague reports to the therapist that patients are complaining about the therapist’s lack of attention and follow-through. The therapist should:



A. Take personal leave immediately.


B. Ask the colleague to address the issue with patients.


C. Appropriately disclose the loss to patients.


D. Seek consultation immediately.

D. Seek consultation immediately.

20

A 65-year-old man comes to counseling for symptoms of depression and anxiety. The client reveals that his 40-year- old son has been living with him and demanding money from the client to buy drugs. Once, when he was high, he hit the client. The son has also threatened the client stating, "If you tell anyone you will be sorry." What legal responsibility does the therapist have in this case?


A. Immediately report elder abuse to adult protective services agency.


B. Discuss with the client the therapist's responsibility to report the fiduciary abuse.


C. Develop a safety plan with the client since he could be in imminent danger.


D. Call the police and warn them of the son’s threat.

A. Immediately report elder abuse to adult protective services agency.

21

A therapist who was a victim of sexual abuse as a child meets with an 18-year-old client who also experienced childhood sexual abuse from a teacher. The therapist is concerned about working effectively with this client due to her lack of experience in treating sexual abuse. The therapist should FIRST:


A. Seek consultation.


B. Refer the client to someone who specializes in sexual abuse.


C. Contact Child Protective Services.


D. Monitor any countertransference during session.

B. Refer the client to someone who specializes in sexual abuse.

22

A therapist has been meeting with a client for over a year. During the most recent session, the client asks the therapist to come to her daughter’s dance recital. The therapist declines and the client is visibly upset. The therapist should:



A. Consult with a colleague or supervisor.


B. Agree to attend the recital.


C. Clarify professional boundaries.


D. Make an interpretation about the client’s response.

C. Clarify professional boundaries.

23

A Mandarin-speaking client meets with a therapist at a mental health clinic after witnessing a shooting in the community. The client and his brother, who accompanies him, have limited proficiency in English. The therapist does not speak Mandarin, but knows a receptionist who is a native speaker. The therapist’s MOST appropriate action is to:



A. Approach the receptionist and ask her to translate.


B. Attempt to conduct the interview without assistance.


C. Refer the client to a different therapist.


D. Obtain a professional translator before proceeding.

D. Obtain a professional translator before proceeding.

24

A therapist has been meeting with a client for six month with the goal of treating the client’s social anxiety. The goals set forth at the beginning of therapy have been met. When the therapist brings up termination the client reports he’s afraid to terminate therapy and would like to continue for several more months. How should the therapist respond to the client’s request?



A. Remind the client that once goals have been met, therapy is no longer indicated.


B. Normalize client’s feelings and continue with termination.


C. Explore if there are other goals the client would like to work on in order to continue therapy.


D. Explore client’s fears regarding termination.

D. Explore client’s fears regarding termination.

25

A 30-year-old client diagnosed with depression and posttraumatic stress disorder has been meeting with a therapist in a private practice. Despite weekly meetings for over three months, there have been no changes in the client’s symptoms. The therapist will BEST serve the client by:



A. Supporting the client’s self-determination and allow treatment to continue.


B. Consulting with an experienced colleague about the case.


C. Consulting professional literature for treatment indications and outcomes.


D. Bringing up termination at the next session.

B. Consulting with an experienced colleague about the case.

26

A therapist is treating a 24-year-old gay male client whose partner is physically and emotionally abusive. The therapist has reviewed a safety plan with the client and explored his options. The client is adamant that his partner won’t do it again and wants to keep trying at the relationship. The therapist has serious doubts about the client’s safety and thinks the client should end the relationship. The therapist should:


A. Encourage the client to consider dating other people.


B. Express concerns the therapist has about the client’s safety.


C. Provide the client with a referral to a domestic violence shelter.


D. Acknowledge the client’s hope that the partner will change.

D. Acknowledge the client’s hope that the partner will change.

27

A mother seeks therapy for her 11-year-old son after a physical altercation with another boy at school. The mother reports that she and the boy’s father recently got divorced and the father moved to another state. She assures the therapist that she has sole legal custody of her son. In order to proceed with therapy, the therapist should:



A. Obtain consent to treat the minor from the mother.


B. Obtain consent to treat the minor from both parents.


C. Obtain a copy of the custody agreement.


D. Obtain consent to treat from the client.

C. Obtain a copy of the custody agreement.

28

A therapist in private practice who specializes in adults with anxiety and depression chooses not to complete a treatment plan for his clients. This behavior is:



A. Unethical


B. Illegal


C. Below the Standard of Care


D. Acceptable if it aligns with his orientation

C. Below the Standard of Care

29

A therapist is working with a family with strict religious orthodox beliefs and a 14-year old who is showing problem behaviors that contradict the parents’ beliefs. The therapist believes the teenager’s actions are developmentally appropriate. What is the best course of action?



A. Assist youth in seeing how her behaviors are against the family’s values.


B. Schedule a family session in which the family can discuss differences between the youth’s beliefs and the parent’s beliefs.


C. Normalize youth’s behaviors and validate her feelings while identifying problematic behaviors in the context of family’s value system.


D. Educate family that youth’s behaviors are normal.

C. Normalize youth’s behaviors and validate her feelings while identifying problematic behaviors in the context of family’s value system.

30

A client, who is a single mother, informs the therapist that she was offered a better job in another state where she does not know anyone. She requests assistance finding childcare for her 5-year old. She is conflicted because she thinks that it would be easier for her to remain in her present living arrangement with her parents until the child is older. The therapist thinks the client should stay. The therapist should:



A. Help the client find appropriate child care.


B. Suggest a family session with client’s parents and child where everyone can have a chance to state their opinion.


C. Explore the pros and cons of her options.


D. Express concerns and ask the client not to take action for a period of time.

C. Explore the pros and cons of her options.