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Flashcards in Mod 2 Deck (23):
1

The scientific method is...

the application of critical thinking and tools such as observation and statistical analysis

2

Participant bias occurs when

Participants respond differently because they know they are being observed

3

Researcher bias occurs when

researchers selectively notice evidence that supports their hypothesis

4

In a naturalistic observation study the researchers observe and record...

behaviors in naturally occurring situations

5

A case study is...

a research technique in which one person is studied in depth

6

A correlation study is

a research project designed to discover the degree to which two variables are related to one another

7

The survey method is

a research technique designed to discover self-reported attitudes and behaviors through questionnaires

8

In a research study the term "population" refers to...

the group of people the researcher draws his sample from

9

A random sample is

a sample that fairly represents a population because each person has an equal chance of being chosen

10

What do longitudinal studies study?

The same group of people over a long period of time

11

Cross-sectional studies compare...

individuals from different age groups at one time

12

In an experiment, the researcher does what?

Manipulates one or more factors to observe the effect on another factor

13

A hypothesis is

a researchers testable prediction about the outcome of research

14

An operational definition is

a specification of the exact procedures used to measure a variable

15

The independent variable in an experiment is

the variable the experimenter manipulates in order to examine its affects in the dependent variable

16

The dependent variable in an experiment is

the variable the experimenter measures in order to see if it was affected by the change in the independent variable

17

The difference between the experimental group and the control group is defined by the presence of the

independent variable

18

Researchers use the double-blind procedure in order to avoid

Researcher and Participant bias

19

A non-active substance or condition used to see if the actual drug or condition has any effect beyond expectations is called

A Placebo

20

In a study of the effects of alcohol consumption, some participants drank a nonalcoholic beverage that actually smelled and tasted like alcohol. This was an example of a

PLacebo

21

The four basic principles used to judge the ethics of research are

Informed consent, Protection from harm, confidentiality, and debreifing

22

The ethical requirement of informed consent might contribute to what type of bias in a psychological study?

Participant bias

23

A researcher who uses participants names in a paper about the results of the study violates which of the ethical principles established by the APA?

Confidentiality