mod 9 Flashcards Preview

ENG 211 vocab1 > mod 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in mod 9 Deck (40):
1

innate

determined by factors present from birth

2

innateness hypothesis

Hypothesis that humans are genetically predisposed to learn

3

imitation theory

children acquire language by listening to the speech around themAnd reproducing what they here

4

reinforcement theory

Children learn to speak like adults because they're appraised rewarded or reinforced

5

universal grammar

Sets of grammatical characteristics shared by all natural languages

6

critical period

Last from brick to onset of puberty during which children have exposure to languageAnd must build a critical brain structuresFor language

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neglected children

Child who is neglected by caretakersresulting in significantly lower exposure to language

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feral children

Child who grew up in the wild without care of by human adultsOften with the animals

9

homesign

Visual gestural communication system use by deaf children and their families

10

connectionist theories

Children learn language through neural connections in the brain

11

socail interaction theory

Children acquire language to social interaction went other children and adults

12

child-directed speech

Speech use by parents or caregivers when communicating with young children or infants

13

high amplitude sucking

Technique used to study sound discrimination independence from birth to six months

14

conditioned head turn procedure

Technique used with infants from 5 to 18 monthsConditioning in testing

15

onset time

Consonance that occur before the ryme

16

articulatory gestures

Movement of a speech working in production of speech

17

babble

child language acquisition meaningless sequences of consonants and vowels

18

canonical babbling

Continuous repetition of sequences of vowels and consonants

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variegated babbling

Production of meaningless consonant dial sequences by infants

20

holophrastic stage

Consonance that occur before the ryme

21

telegraphic

Free steering chart language acquisition children use utterances composed primarily of content words

22

overgenerilization

Relationship between child and adult application of the rules relative to certain context

23

complexive concept

Term used in the study a child language acquisitionIn a single word

24

overextension

Study of child language acquisition relationship between child and adult perception of word meaning

25

underextension

Application of the a smaller set of objects usualMature adult speech

26

relational term

Turned that relates to another term

27

deictic expressions

Word or expression that takes its meaning relative to the time place and speaker of utterance

28

infant directed speech

Species by parents or caregivers communicating with young children or infants

29

child directed speech

Species by parents or caregivers communicating with young children or infants

30

attention getters

Word or phrase used to initiate an address to children

31

attention holders

Tactic used to maintain children's attention for extended amount of time

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conversational turns

Species by parents or caregivers communicating with young children or infants

33

biligual

commanding two langugaes

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multilingual

commanding three or more langugages

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simultanious bilingualism

learning two languages from infancy

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sequentail bilingualism

learning another lanugae teenager or adult

37

code switching

words or structural elements from more langugaes

38

langugae mixing

words or structural elements from more langugaes

39

second language aquisition

process of learing anoter langugae

40

foreign accent

mandated by another langugae similar to speaker