Module 1 human variation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 1 human variation Deck (33):
1

is the systematic study of the existence and nature of the divine.

theology

2

Refers to a set of attitudes and practices that an individual adheres to in relation to the political systems and actors within his or her society.

Political Identity

3

who accommodates all types of gender

Pansexual

4

The belief that religion should not play a role in government, education, or other public parts of the society.

Secularism =

5

Differing environmental conditions.

Cultural Variation

6

In Socioeconomic class the term_________ refers to the political and economically advanced societies in the world,

Global North

7


Philippine Social class indicators
then and now

Then:
Upper Class
Class I
Class II
Middle Class
Timawa Aliping Namamahay
Lower Class
Aliping Saguiguilid
Alipin

Now:
Mahirap – Hand-to-Mouth Basis
Sakto Lang – P7,000
Medyo Mayaman – P36, 000
Mayaman – P200,000

8

is a question of “What Makes Us Different?”

Human variation

9

perspective that promotes an individual’s culture as the most efficient and superior; hence, the individual who exhibits ethnocentrism feels that his or her culture is the most appropriate as compared with other cultures.

Ethnocentrism

10

Types of gender based on person’s orientation

Heterosexual
Homosexual
Gay
Lesbian
Bisexual
Asexual
Polysexual
Pansexual

11

not reaching one’s full capacity due to the lack of advanced mechanisms

non-exceptionality

12

Something that is similar to something else but different in some way.

Variation

13

refers to the biological characteristics of humans such as male and female.

Sex

14

individuals who is attracted to multiple types of gender

Polysexual

15

promotes the perspective that cultures must be understood in the content of their locality.

Cultural relativism

16

British traditional three-class system:

Upper Class
Middle Class
Working Class

17

Social categories

Nationality and ethnicity
Gender
Socioeconomic Class
Political Identity
Religion
Exceptionality/Non-exceptionality
Cultural Variation

18

______is any cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, ethics, or organizations, that relate humanity to the supernatural or transcendental.

Religion 

19

sexually attracted to a person of the same sex

Homosexual

20

_________ and ________ are two of the primary factors that shape the behavior of human groups.

Environment and history

21

Elements of Belief System
Sub-Categories of Theism:


1. Monistic-no real distinction between God and the Universe.
2. Polytheistic - belief and worship of many gods.
3. Monotheistic-Doctrine or Belief in One supreme God.
4. Atheism-Disbelief or Denial in the existence of a personal God.
5. Agnostic-belief or practice of denying the possibility for man to acquire knowledge of God.
-belief that God is Unknown and Unknowable.

22

smaller cultural groups that share specific environments, traditions, and histories.

Ethnic Groups

23

refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.” (World Health Organization, 2013)

Gender

24

The concept of ____________leans on the non-average capacity of an individual.
being skilled

exceptionality

25

_______is the identity that is tied to be being part of a nation or country
and who inhabits a particular territory delineated by a political border and controlled by a government.

Nationality

26

who are incapable of being attracted to any sex

Asexual

27

In Socioeconomic class the term_________ refers to the countries whose political and economic indicators are within the developing category.

Global South

28

An individual can acquire___________ by subscribing to a political belief such as communism, democracy, or socialism.

political identity

29

sexually attracted to a person of the opposite sex

Heterosexual

30

was used as a form of human classification that was based on observable human traits and characteristics

Race

31

– believes in the existence of only one God

Monotheistic

32


4 types of race

(Caucasoid, Australoid, Mongoloid, and Negroid).

33

– believes in the existence of multiple Gods

Polytheistic