Module 2 Human Evolution and culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 2 Human Evolution and culture Deck (36):
1

Higher states will protect the lower states

social contract

2

Included the creation of artworks that required a longer length of time and a greater number of people (e.g., Stonehenge)

Neolithic Period

3

Book of Charles Darwin about the human evolution

Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1959)

4

Forcing other states to be under the higher states

Force theory

5

Our thinking capacity

Frontal lobe and motor cortex – function for cognition and motor abilities
Parietal lobe – allows for touch and taste abilities
Temporal lobe – allows for hearing skills
Occipital lobe – allows for visual skills

6

No social division
communal lifestyle

Paleolithic Period

7

Developed by Homo neanderthalensis (Neanderthals)

Named after a site in France called Le Moustier

The Mousterian industry

8

Walking and standing Ability
two forms of locomotion

Bipedalism-capacity to walk and stand by two feet
quadropedalism- uses all four limbs

9

Leadership is Not rigid; based on age and knowledge

Paleolithic Period

10

Paleolithic word origin

palaois-means old
lithos meas stone
paleolithic means old stone age

11

New roles of the museum ( acc. to the 2010 Conference of the Museum Association)

1 Fostering community solidarity through shared history
2 Regeneration and development of the local economy

12

True or false
“The development of culture is not directly linked to the physical development of humans.”

false
The development of culture is directly linked to the physical development of humans

13

Artifact of previous statesman who died at the age of 19 because of overlapping genes

sarcophagus of king tutankhamun

14

is the primary transnational entity that manages and negotiates matters relating to human heritage

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

15

Average size of human brain

1.4 kg

16

This industry was named after Saint Acheul, a patron saint in southwest France.

Developed by Homo Erectus

The acheulian industry

17

a theory which believes that it is according to God's will

Divine Right Theory

18

Biological capacity for culture

1. Our thinking capacity
2. Our speaking capacity
3. Our gripping capacity
4. Walking and standing ability

19

Leadership is Semirigid; based on legitimacy (religious beliefs, social status)

Neolithic Period

20

Dominant gender is male
-passing of throne through generations

Paternalistic Theory

21

2. Our speaking capacity

human tongues are more flexible
humans have larger pharynx

22

What made this industry a cultural milestone for the modern humans in Europe is their development of self-awareness; such as cave paintings and fabrication of accessories (figurines, bracelets and beads).

The aurignacian industry

23

Included a wider array of small and bigger tools due to sedentary lifestyle

Neolithic Period

24

one of the most important artifacts who owns 3 different inscriptions(language)

Rosetta stone

25

Human Evolution Stages

Hominid
Homo Habilis (Handy Man)
Homo Erectus (Upright Man) (fire)
Homo Sapiens (Wise Man)

26

Agriculture Subsistence

Neolithic Period

27

Who proposed demokratia as a political ideology that aimed at dispersing power from the monopoly of the elites to the masses?

Athenian statesman named Cleisthenes

28

a stone tool industry, is characterized by the use of “hard water – worn creek cobbles made out of volcanic rock” (O’ Niel, 2012)
This industry spread out to Europe and Asia during the migration of Homo Erectus

The oldowan industry

29

a theory which states that humans are political animals

Natural Theory

30

five primary theories as to how states rose

1. Divine right theory
2. Force theory
3. Paternalistic theory
4. Social contract
5. Natural theory

31

Named after the La Madeleine site in Dordogne, France.

Saw the end of the Paleolithic period as it transformed to the Neolithic period.

Another cultural milestone for the users of this industry was the use of temporary man-made shelters such as tents made of animal skin.

The Magdalenian industry

32

repository of archaeological finds that allow people from the contemporary period to reconstruct the culture and environment of their ancestors.

Museums

33

an example of artifact that cannot be moved
built 5000 years ago
one of a kind structures in England

Stonehenge

34

This term was derived from Aurignac.


Aurignacian

35


dispersing power from the monopoly of the elites to the masses.

demokratia

36

Two types of Grip and their function

Power Grip- enabled humans to wrap the thumb and fingers on an object
Precision Grip- enabled humans to hold and pick objects steadily using their fingers.