Flashcards in Module 1 Intro Lecture Deck (29):
What is scaffolding?
Build levels of skill to achieve the highest goal
What is "thread" of life mean?
Different threads, or things that occur over the course of your life at different stages; potentially course changing event
What are some things that threads of life are impacted by?
Health, family, friends, education, religion, environment, weather, safety, work, social interactions, economic
What are some normal physical changes across the lifespan?
body size, strength, motor control, vestibular, cognition, vision, hearing, bone density
What are some abnormal changes across the lifespan?
osteoporosis, alzheimer's, arthritis, depression, diabetes, congestive heart disease, cancer
What is the medical model of disability?
A definining feature or characteristic, caused by disease, trauma, health condition; currently used most widespread
What is the social model of disability?
Society deciding why an individual has a disability; political response/solution, movement that tailors to attribute to a person/person first language
What is the biopsychosocial model of disability?
Consequence of the interactions amongst biological, personal, and social forces
What is the purpose of disablement models?
Allow clear communication and discussion between clinical and research environments and to compare research across studies and time
What are two examples of disablement models?
Nagi and the ICF
What are the 4 primary components specific to rehab in Nagi's disablement model?
What is "active pathology" in Nagi's model?
Interruption of normal cellular processes, response by organism to regain homeostatic state; usually at the system level
What is "impairment" in Nagi's model?
Loss/abnormality at a system level; What is lost because of the active pathology?
What is an example of active pathology in Nagi's model?
Arthritis; cellular disturbances activated from degenerative processes
What is an example of impairment in Nagi's model?
Muscle weakness in knee because of knee arthritis, at a system level
What is "functional limitation" in Nagi's model
Limitations in an individual's performance/impact of the impairment on the individual's ability to perform activities; at individual level
Example of functional limitation in Nagi model?
Knee pain (impairment) as a result of knee arthritis (active pathology) = difficulty walking/assistance device, stairs, etc.
How is disability defined in the Nagi model?
End result of interaction between the individual and the environment; at an individual level
What is an example of disability in the Nagi model?
Functional limitations may cause man to not be able to stand for hours a day at assembly line to perform his duties = work related disability
What are some limitations to Nagi's disablement model?
Limited understanding of ramifications of functioning and disability relative to condition; disabling conditions are considered permanent and unadaptable
What type of disablement model is the ICF?
What does ICF stand for?
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health
What are the 4 primary components of the ICF?
Body structure and function
Activities and participation
What is the "health condition" component of the ICF?
Disease, disorder, trauma, injury, aging, congenital anomaly, etc.
What is the "body structure and functioning" component of the ICF?
Physiological functions of body systems; mainly impairment level of Nagi
What is the "activities and participation" of the ICF?
Performance of a task or action; participation involvement in life situations
What is the "disability" component of the ICF?
Decrements at impairment, activity, and participation levels
What is an example of the activities and participation level of the ICF?
Individual can perform bed to wheelchair transfers, but cannot get out of the house to see friend/participate in society