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Flashcards in Module 1 Intro Lecture Deck (29):

What is scaffolding?

Build levels of skill to achieve the highest goal


What is "thread" of life mean?

Different threads, or things that occur over the course of your life at different stages; potentially course changing event


What are some things that threads of life are impacted by?

Health, family, friends, education, religion, environment, weather, safety, work, social interactions, economic


What are some normal physical changes across the lifespan?

body size, strength, motor control, vestibular, cognition, vision, hearing, bone density


What are some abnormal changes across the lifespan?

osteoporosis, alzheimer's, arthritis, depression, diabetes, congestive heart disease, cancer


What is the medical model of disability?

A definining feature or characteristic, caused by disease, trauma, health condition; currently used most widespread


What is the social model of disability?

Society deciding why an individual has a disability; political response/solution, movement that tailors to attribute to a person/person first language


What is the biopsychosocial model of disability?

Consequence of the interactions amongst biological, personal, and social forces


What is the purpose of disablement models?

Allow clear communication and discussion between clinical and research environments and to compare research across studies and time


What are two examples of disablement models?

Nagi and the ICF


What are the 4 primary components specific to rehab in Nagi's disablement model?

Active pathology
Functional limitations


What is "active pathology" in Nagi's model?

Interruption of normal cellular processes, response by organism to regain homeostatic state; usually at the system level


What is "impairment" in Nagi's model?

Loss/abnormality at a system level; What is lost because of the active pathology?


What is an example of active pathology in Nagi's model?

Arthritis; cellular disturbances activated from degenerative processes


What is an example of impairment in Nagi's model?

Muscle weakness in knee because of knee arthritis, at a system level


What is "functional limitation" in Nagi's model

Limitations in an individual's performance/impact of the impairment on the individual's ability to perform activities; at individual level


Example of functional limitation in Nagi model?

Knee pain (impairment) as a result of knee arthritis (active pathology) = difficulty walking/assistance device, stairs, etc.


How is disability defined in the Nagi model?

End result of interaction between the individual and the environment; at an individual level


What is an example of disability in the Nagi model?

Functional limitations may cause man to not be able to stand for hours a day at assembly line to perform his duties = work related disability


What are some limitations to Nagi's disablement model?

Limited understanding of ramifications of functioning and disability relative to condition; disabling conditions are considered permanent and unadaptable


What type of disablement model is the ICF?



What does ICF stand for?

International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health


What are the 4 primary components of the ICF?

Health condition
Body structure and function
Activities and participation


What is the "health condition" component of the ICF?

Disease, disorder, trauma, injury, aging, congenital anomaly, etc.


What is the "body structure and functioning" component of the ICF?

Physiological functions of body systems; mainly impairment level of Nagi


What is the "activities and participation" of the ICF?

Performance of a task or action; participation involvement in life situations
Activity: performance
Participation: involvement


What is the "disability" component of the ICF?

Decrements at impairment, activity, and participation levels


What is an example of the activities and participation level of the ICF?

Individual can perform bed to wheelchair transfers, but cannot get out of the house to see friend/participate in society


What are the main differences between Nagi and ICF?

Nagi: defines disability within performance in socially defined roles; wraps up disability in one, generalized, not specific to individuals or components, disabling conditions are not adaptive

ICF: Disability can occur at any individual levels, functional levels, or activity/performance level; breaks down defining disability more specifically and individually, disabling conditions are more adaptive