Module #1 -- Language Structure Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module #1 -- Language Structure Deck (21):
1

phonology

the study of sound in language

2

intonation patterns

the change of pitch used in the sound system of language, i.e. "John?" versus "John!"

3

stress

the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word.

4

pitch

a variation in pitch to give prominence to a syllable within a word.

5

prosody

the study of rhythm, intonation, stress, and related attributes in speech.

6

modulation

when the voice goes down for authority, up for engagement etc.

7

morphology

the study of meaning units in language

8

inflectional endings

all suffixes -s, 's, -es, -ing, -ed, -er, -est

9

syntax

the study of structure of sentences

10

phonemes

the smallest contrastive unit in the sound system of a language

11

morpheme

the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a langage

12

root

carries the principle portion of meaning of the words in which it functions

13

affix

a bound morpheme that is joined before, after, or within a root.

14

grammar

the study of the rules governing the use of a language

15

semantics

study of how meaning in language is created by the use and interralationships of words, phrases, and sentences

16

discourse

verbal expression, either in speech or writing

17

pragmatics

the study of all aspects of meaning and language use

18

communicative competence

a learner's ability to apply and use grammatical rules, and form correct utterances, and know how to use these utterances appropriately

19

lexicon

the complete and total knowledge that a native speaker has about a language

20

contrastive analysis

the systematic study of a pair of languages with a view to identifying their structural differences and similarities

21

dialect

a distinct form of a language that differs from other forms of the language in specific linguistic features