Module #3 Culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module #3 Culture Deck (20):
1

culture

the explicit and implicit patterns for living, the dynamic system of commonly agreed upon symbols and meanings, the deep structure of knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, law, customs behaviors, traditions, and/or habits that are shared and make up the total way of life of a people.

2

cultural universal

an element, pattern, trait, or institution that is common to all human cultures on the planet

3

cultural relativism

the principle that an individual human's beliefs and activities should be understood in terms of his or her own culture

4

ethnocentrism

the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture

5

cultural pluralism

small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities

6

cultural congruence

occurs with a teacher's respect for the cultural background of his or her students

7

external elements of culture

shelter, food, arts, religious structures, government, technology, language

8

internal elements of culture

gender roles, family structure, values, customs, worldview

9

assimilation

the process by which individuals adopt the behaviors, values, beliefs, and lifestyle of the dominant culture, neglecting or abandoning their own culture in the process

10

acculturation

adapting to a second culture without necessarily giving up their first culture

11

biculturalism

being able to function successfully in town cultures

12

accommodation

when members of the mainstream culture adapt in ways to a minority culture, the members of which also adapt in ways to the majority culture

13

phases of acculturation

the distinct stages of emotional ups and downs in the process of experiencing a new culture

14

euphoria/honeymoon period

1st state of acculturation- results of excitement and fascination with new culture

15

culture shock/cultural fatigue

2nd stage of acculturation -- comes with frustration by disorienting cultural cues

16

adjustment/adaptation

final stage of acculturation

17

push/pull factors

immigrants reasons to leave (push) and reasons to come (pull)

18

nonverbal communication

distance between speakers, eye contact, gestures, touching, facial expressions

19

intergroup

difference among individuals from different cultural backgrounds

20

intragroup

differences among individuals from the same cultural background