Module 2 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Exploring Creation with Biology > Module 2 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Module 2 Vocabulary Deck (14)
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1

Pathogen

An organism that causes disease

2

Saprophyte

An organism that feeds on dead matter

3

Parasite

An organism that feeds on a living organism

4

Aerobic Organism

An organism that requires oxygen

5

Anaerobic Organism

An organism that does not require oxygen

6

Steady State

A state in which members of a population die as quickly as new members are born.

7

Exponational Growth

Population growth that is unhindered because of the abundance of resources for an ever-increasing population.

8

Logistic Growth

Population growth that is controlled by limited resources

9

Conjugation

A temporary union of two organisms for purpose of DNA transfer

10

Plasmid

A small, circular section of extra DNA that confers one or more traits to a bacterium and can be reproduced separately from the main bacterial genetic code.

11

Transformation

The transfer of a DNA segment from a nonfunctional recipient cell

12

Transduction

The process in which infection by a virus results in DNA being transferred from one bacterium to another

13

Endospore

The DNA and other essential parts of a bacterium coated with several hard layers

14

Strains

Organisms from the same species that have markedly different traits.