Module 3 Anthropology and the study of culture Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 3 Anthropology and the study of culture Deck (14):
1

This dynamism of culture is due to the changing needs of humans as they interpret and survive in their environment.

Culture changes.

2

the process of learning your own culture

Enculturation

3

Humans are born into cultures that have values on beauty and the body. As such, they alter their bodies to fit into the physiological norms that are dictated by the culture.

Culture affects biology.

4

Culture can also cause problems for the people who subscribe to it. These problems arise when the environment has changed and culture remained the same.

Culture is maladaptive.

5

includes all the tangible and visible parts of culture, which include clothes, food and even buildings

Material culture –

6


the culture of parents' society + the culture of interacting society= the culture of an individual

Culture is shared.

7

The key strength of anthropology as a discipline of the social science is its holistic approach to the study of humans. It is holistic in the sense that it studies;

1. humans, both as biological and social creatures
2. human behavior from the time species existed to the time that it will desist
3. human behavior from all regions of the world
4. all forms of human actions and beliefs

8

Culture is learned.

Enculturation
Acculturation
Deculturation

9

includes all the intangible parts of culture, which consist of values, ideas, and knowledge

Nonmaterial culture –

10

culture can be modified to accommodate desirable traits from other cultures

Acculturation

11

Five sub disciplines of anthropology:

A. Archaeology – examines the remains of ancient and historical human populations
B. Cultural anthropology – promotes the study of a society’s culture
C. Linguistic anthropology – examines the language of a group of people
D. Physical anthropology – looks into the biological development of humans
E. Applied anthropology – attempts to solve contemporary problems.

12

Both the material and the non-material parts of the culture are influenced by the goal of humans to address their needs as dictated by the environment and their biology.

Culture is adaptive.

13

culture has been lost and even the cultural trait itself is in the process of being forgotten.

Deculturation

14

It is what a person has, does, and thinks as part of society

Culture is everything.