Flashcards in Module #6: The Cell Deck (44)
The transport of dissolved substances into cells
The breakdown of absorbed substances
The breakdown of food molecules with a release of energy
The removal of soluble waste materials
The removal of nonsoluble waste materials
The release of biosynthesized substances
Maintaining the status quo
Producing more cells
The study of cells
A rigid structure on the outside of certain cells, usually plant and bacteria cells.
The thin film between the cell walls of adjacent plant cells
The semipermeable membrane between the cell contents and either the cell wall or the cell's surroundings.
A jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended.
Substances in which at least one atom has an imbalance of protons and electrons.
The motion of cytoplasm in a cell that results in a coordinated movement of the cell's contents.
The organelles in which nutrients are converted to energy.
The organelle in animal cells responsible for hydrolysis reaction that break down proteins, polysaccharides, disaccharides, and some lipids
Non-membrane-bounded organelles responsible for protein synthesis
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER)
An organelle composed of an extensive network of folded membranes that performs several tasks within a cell
ER that is dotted with ribosomes
ER that has no ribosomes
Organelles that store starches or oils
Organelles that contain pigments used in photosynthesis
A large vacuole that rests at the center of most plant cells and is filled with a solution that contains a high concentration of solutes
Vacuoles that contain the waste products of digestion
The process by which a cell engulfs foreign substances or other cells
A vacuole that holds the matter which a cell engulfs
A Vesicle formed at the plasma membrane to allow the absorption of large molecules
A vesicle that holds secretion products so that they can be transported to the plasma membrane and released