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Flashcards in Module 7 Deck (30)
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0

List 5 reasons why people choose to drink alcohol

1. Peer pressure
2. Parents do it
3. Relieve stress and reduce anxiety
4. Have a good time
5. Our culture accepts it

1

At what she is drinking and driving legal?

No age, it's illegal

2

Define BAC

Blood alcohol concentration. The mathematical ratio of the percentage of alcohol in the blood stream

3

Lost 6 factors which effect an individual's BAC

1. Weight (blood volume)
2. Time spent drinking
3. Gender
4. Food
5. Alcohol content
6. Size or drink

4

An alcohol beverage which is 100 proof is ____% alcohol

50

5

Are all alcoholic drinks the same?

No

6

How much does your BAC decrease per hour?

Around 0.015 per hour

7

Explain eh there is a difference in the amount of alcohol needed for a male of female of the same weight to reach a 0.03 BAC

Women have less dehydrogenase in their body

8

Why does it take more alcohol for a 200 lb. male to reach a .03 BAC than for a 150 lb.male?

The more you weigh, the more body fluids you have

9

How does the amount of good in the stomach affect the absorption of alcohol?

Food coats the lining of the stomach

10

Most alcohol is eliminated from the body through the ___

Lived

11

The BAC elimination rate is approximately ____ per hour

0.015

12

If a person has a BAC of 0.045 at 9 o'clock, when will he/she reach a zero BAC?

Midnight

13

How can a person's mood impact the effects of alcohol?

Completely change it or intensify one that is there

14

How does the use of alcohol affect the:
Heart
Stomach
Brain

Heart- reduce hearts contractibility, elevate blood pressure, swelling, congestive heart failure

Stomach- irritates lining of the stomach and increase acidity, develop ulcers

Brain- destroys nerve cells, memory loss

15

How does alcohol affect:
Attention
Memory
Emotions
Aggression

Attention- ability to comprehend information from multiple sources

Memory- reduces the brains ability to restrain and store information, blackouts

Emotions- emotional control diminishes

Aggression-aggressive behavior is enhanced

16

What happens when alcohol is mixed with other drugs or medications?

Synergistic effect

17

A BAC of 0.05-0.10 will often reduce in

A BAC of 0.35> may result in

Slower reaction time, reduces coordination and balance, affects all driving skills

Subnormal temperature, little/no reflexes, death

18

Explain how each of the following components of vision is affected by alcohol:
Eye focus
Double vision
Judging distance
Side vision
Night vision

Eye focus- narrows field of vision, rapidly changes from far to close

Double vision- eyes will work independently instead of together

Judging distance- something that looks far away is probably closer than you think

Side vision- narrowed

Night vision- reduce ability to a we amount of light

19

BAC as low as ______ produce increased risk taking behaviors

BAC as low as ___ has been show. To diminish a drivers ability to make multiple predictions

0.015-0.049

0.03

20

A 16-19 year old driver with a BAC of 0.015-0.049 is ___ times makes likely to be killed in a crash

A 16-19 year old driver with a bad of 0.08-0.099 is ___ times more likely to be killed in a crash

2.5

40

21

List 5 ways drugs other than alcohol can affect the driving task

1. Perception
2. Judgement
3. Coordination
4. Vision
5. Mood

22

The drug most often found in drivers involved in crashes is

Marijuana

23

List 6 effects of marijuana

1. Memory and learning
2. Perception
3. Problem solving ability
4. Motor coordination
5. Tracking ability
6. Concentration

24

Name two over the counter medications that can affect driving

Name 5 types of prescription medications that can affect driving

Impaired driving when taking prescription drugs daddies the same legal penalties as a ___ conviction

Antihistamines and cold medicines

Tranquilizers, stimulations, narcotics, blood pressure, insulin

DUI

25

Define fatigue

The body's downtime follows a period of extended mental activity and physical activity
Reduced capacity for work
Reduced efficiency of brain function

26

What is the body's natural downtime?

List 4 strategies for delaying the onset of fatigue

Midnight-6 am, 1 pm- 3 pm

Avoid long drives
Avoid leaning forward and backwards
Keep eyes moving
Wear your seatbelt

27

Name three types of aggressive drivers

Quiet road rate
Verbal road rage
Epic road rage

28

List several behaviors often exhibited by aggressive drivers

Tailgating, flashing lights, weaving in and out, cutting people off

29

List 6 factors leading to an increase in road rage

1. More cars
2. More traffic congestion
3. More frustration
4. More stress
5. More hostility
6. More violence