Monosacharides Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Monosacharides Deck (10)
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1

Monosaccharides can undergo 3 main reactions:

Oxidation reduction
Esterification
Glycoside formation

2

Aldoses can be oxidized to:

Aldonic acids

3

Aldoses can be reduced to:

Alditols

4

Monosaccharides

Single carbohydrate unit, with glucose as the most commonly observed monomer

5

Reducing sugars can be detected by reacting it with what?

Pollen's or Benedict's reagents

6

reducing sugars

sugars that can be oxidized = reducing agents

7

deoxy sugars

sugars with a -H replacing an -OH group

8

Esterification

sugars that can react with carboxylic acids and their derivatives, forming esters

9

Phosphorylation

similar reaction to esterification in which a phosphate ester is formed by transferring a phosphate group from ATP onto a sugar

10

Glycoside formation

the basis for building complex carbohydrates and requires the anemic carbon to link to another sugar