Flashcards in Christian Practices EDIT Deck (48):
Why might Christians go on Pilgrimage when it is not commanded in the Bible?
To experience what is in the Bible
Spiritual devotion (development)
Get closer to God
To see spiritual leaders e.g. Pope at Vatican
What are the pilgrimage sites in Christianity?
What is Walsingham?
A pilgrimage site based off a Saxon noblewoman who saw the Virgin Mary and was told to build a church. People pray at (not worship) the church. It reminds people of the Holy Family and is said to have healing properties
What is Lourdes?
A small town in France where Bernadette Soubirous saw Mary many times, who told her to build a church. People worship at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes and march with candles. Water is said to bless and heal pilgrims
What is Jerusalem?
A city in the Middle East. Many important events in Jesus' life are said to have happened there. There are lots of holy sites there and many people go on pilgrimage there
What is Rome?
An important sits for Roman Catholics, as the Vatican is the home of the Pope. They take a pilgrimage to be close to the centre of their faith. Saint Peter's Basilica is an important place many Catholics visit
What can churches do to build community?
Sunday school, youth groups, mother and child groups, visiting the elderly and the sick, street pastors, food banks
What are rites of passage?
A rite of passage is an event or ritual that marks or celebrates an important stage of life
What are examples of rites of passage?
Baptism, confirmation, first communion, dedication, marriage
What is marriage for Christians?
A civil and religious commitment and a sacrament. A baptised man and woman vow to belong to each other in a permanent, exclusive, sexual partnership in the hope of having children and raising a family
What is a funeral to Christians?
It brings closure to your life, says goodbye, celebrates life and achievements, evangelism, celebrates new life with God
What are funeral rites?
The customs and ceremonies that happen after a person's death
What is eulogy?
A speech in praise of a person's life at a funeral
What is evangelism?
Spreading the message of Jesus
What is missio dei?
God's mission, bringing justice in the world and converting people to Christianity
What is gospel?
'Good news' - Jesus died to take the punishment for human sin and rose again so believers could receive salvation
What are the aims of the World Council of Churches to Christian mission?
Conversion - helping people come to faith in God
Reconciliation - bringing peace in all aspects of society
What are the two purposes of the Church according to the Archbishop of Canterbury?
To worship God
To make new disciples
What are some societies carrying out Christian mission?
The Salvation Army
What do Jehovah's Witnesses do?
They spread their beliefs by visiting door to door and distributing literature. They also preach publicly
What do AIM do?
They aim to see "Christ centred Churches established among all Africa peoples". They have missions to Africa to introduce people to Jesus
What do the Salvation Army do?
They have schemes to better the poor, bring comfort to the needy and help out the poor. They also give clothes to the homeless and visit the elderly.
What do Gideons do?
They distribute Bibles to places like hotel rooms, hospitals and jails to distribute God's word.
What is ecumenism?
The promotion of unity within Christianity. It seeks to allow different denominations to understand each other and worship together, while recognising various differences in belief and practice.
What is Taizé?
A village in central France, founded by Brother Roger. It has a Church of Reconciliation and people go to search, meet others, pray, reflect. Its purpose is to socialise young Christians from all countries.
What is Iona?
A small island off Scotland. There is an Iona Community, formed of different Christians, who aim to seek new ways of living the Gospel of Jesus today. Residential camps are run for people to come together and pray.
What is Corrymeela?
A community based in Northern Ireland. They promote reconciliation and peace building by healing divisions caused by The Troubles.
What is the World Council of Churches?
Set up in 1948, made up of 345 member Orthodox and Protestant churches (not RCC) from over 100 churches. They have a shared foundation of belief in Jesus.
They have three key aims: seek visible unity, promote common witness, and engage in Christian service.
They campaign on issues like HIV/ AIDS, climate change, and sustainable agriculture.
What is persecution?
Ill treatment and hostility, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs; oppression
What is Open Doors?
A mission supporting persecuted Christians in over 60 countries, by delivering Bibles, conducting seminars, running Bible based literacy courses, and providing spiritual and legal aid to prisoners.
What is agape?
Selfless, unconditional love
What are some Christian aid agencies?
What is CAFOD?
A Catholic agency working in the developing world by working with poor communities to end poverty and injustice.
What is Tearfund?
A charity created by the United Nations to alleviate poverty and provide relief.
What is Christian Aid?
An agency that works to alleviate poverty.
What is Advent?
Arrival that begins four Sundays before Christmas. It is the start of the liturgical year for Catholics and Anglicans. It looks forward to celebrating Jesus' birth and second coming (Parousia)
What are some Christmas traditions?
Christingle, relationship with Saturnalia, kissing under mistletoe, Christmas trees, Father Christmas, robins, exchanging presents
What is the Orthodox belief of Christmas?
It is celebrated on the 7th January. They may fast before Christmas Day to shift focus on others and spend more time on prayer and looking after the poor. Many Orthodox churches light a small fire of blessed palm and burn frankincense
Why is Christmas important today?
Incarnation of God
Looking forward to Parousia
A time for remembering the less fortunate
What is Lent?
A period of forty days leading up to Holy Week. Christians fast to remember Jesus' temptation in the wilderness, show self-discipline, and focus on God and spend more time praying
What is Holy Week?
The week of Easter. It begins on Palm Sunday and includes Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, Holy Saturday, and Easter Sunday
What is Ash Wednesday?
The start of Lent. It is a symbol of grief and Christians mourn that they have sinned. It is from a Jewish tradition. 'Ashes to ashes, dust to dust' to remind us of where we came from
What is Palm Sunday?
They start of Holy Week, where people in Church make crosses out of palm leaves. It remembers Jesus entering Jerusalem on a donkey (shows humility)
What is Maundy Thursday?
Remembers the Last Supper. Jesus washed the feet of the disciples (shows humility). In some Churches the minister might wash the feet of twelve random people. Maundy means commandment - 'love one another'
What is Good Friday?
Jesus' crucifixion. It is a day of mourning in Church. People might eat hot cross buns and Churches might take down decorations. It is good because Jesus brought forgiveness
What is Holy Saturday?
When Jesus descended into Hell to release imprisoned spirits. Services light a Paschal Candle with a cross and alpha and omega to represent Jesus' light
What is Easter Sunday?
When Jesus was resurrected. Lots of Christians go to sunrise services. It is the end of Lent, with bright decorations