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Flashcards in Most commons Deck (35):
0

What is the most common type of skin cancer

Basel cell and it's from sun exposure-slow growing
*telangectasias

1

What is the 2nd most common skin cancer?

Squamous cell-more aggressive than basal cell
*Bowen's Dz or Keratoacanthoma

2

Most deadly type of skin cancer

Melanoma

3

Most common type of soft tissue tumor?

Lipoma

4

95% of endocrine problems are what?

Primary gland problems

5

Most common cause of hyperprolactinemia?

Prolactinoma-causes galactorrhea and infertility
*treat with bromocriptine

6

Most common cause of hyperthyroidism?

Graves' disease - 90%, females (20-40 y/o)
*autoimmune

7

Most common type of thyroid cancer?

Papillary carcinoma

8

Most common cause of cushing's?

Excessive pituitary ACTH secretion

9

Most common cause of acute kidney injury?

Prerenal....shock to the kidneys due to hypo perfusion to kidneys
i.e. Hemorrhage, GI losses, dehydration, burns, trauma

10

IgA nephropathy or berger dz is most common in what?

Nephritic syndrome

11

Most common cause of nephrotic syndrome?

Membranous nephropathy

12

Most common benign tumor in men?

BPH

13

Most common innocent murmur?

Stills murmur-systolic ejection murmur at L Lower sternal border

14

Most common congenital heart defect?

VSD

15

Most common heart defect in preemies?

PDA

16

Most common cyanotic congenital heart defect?

Tetralogy of fallot

17

Most common macrocytic anemia?

Pernicious anemia from B-12 deficiency

18

Most common childhood leukemia?

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

19

Most common inherited bleeding disorder?

VonWillebrand's Disease

20

Most common intestinal protozoal pathogen

Giardiasis

21

Most common cause of hypercalcemia?

Primary hyperparathyroidism
(Malignancy is #2)

22

Most common cause of hypocalcemia

Chronic kidney disease

23

Most common cause of facial pain?

TMJ

24

Most common condition due to degenerative changes?

Spondylosis

25

Most common mono neuropathy

Carpal tunnel

26

Most common injury of the wrist?

Colles fracture....fall onto dorsiflexed hand

27

Most common knee ligament injury?

ACL

28

Most common site for metastatic tumors?

Spine

29

Most common primary care diagnosis?

HTN

30

Mid systolic click indicates what?

Mitral regurgitation and may be more common in marfans

31

What is the most common cause of mitral stenosis?

Rheumatic fever

32

Most common birth defect in humans

Congenital cardiac disease

33

Most common congenital heart defect?

VSD

34

Number one cause of cancer in US

Bronchogenic carcinoma

4 types: adenocarcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma
Large cell
Small cell