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PLE SEPTEMBER 2018 > Most COMMONS > Flashcards

Flashcards in Most COMMONS Deck (102):
1

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Between esophagus and distal third of the trachea

2

Epithelial tumor of the Salivary Gland

Pleomorphic Adenoma

3

Malignant tumor of Salivary Gland

Muciepidermoid Carcinoma

4

Malignancy of the Parotid gland

Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma

5

Site of Nasopharynheal CA

Fossa of Rossenmuller

6

Site for lodging of I gested foreign body, particulary, fish bone

Pyriform sinuse

7

Esophageal diverticula

Zenker's diverticula

8

Benign tumor of esophagus

Leiomyoma

9

Malignancy of esophagus

Squamous cell CA

10

Rectus sheath hematoma
1. Cause
2. Site

1. Trauma, rupture of Inferior Epigastric VEIN
2. Right side, below the umbilicus

11

Most commonly fractured bone in the body

Clavicle

12

Humeral fracture site

Surgical neck

13

MC affected structure in Inflammation of Rotator Cuff

Tendon of Supraspinatus Muscle

14

MCC of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Thyroid Dysgenesis

15

MCC of CAH

Deficiency of 21-hydroxylase enzyme

16

MC Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Bochdalek Hernia (posterolatetal defect)

17

MC Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Bochdalek Hernia (posterolatetal defect)

18

Most common reason for hemolysis in newborn

ABO incompatibility

19

MC short-limb dwarfism

Achondroplasia/Hypochondroplasia

20

MC short-limb dwarfism

Achondroplasia/Hypochondroplasia

21

Most common congenital anomaly associated with CHARGE syndrome

Choanal Atresia

22

MCC for Common Colds

Rhinovirus

23

MCC Croup

Parainfluenza virus

24

MCC Epiglottitis

H. Influenza (unvaccinated)
Streptococcus (vaccinated)

25

Acute Infectious Laryngitis

Viral

26

MCC Spasmodic Croup

Allergic

27

MCC Bacterial Tracheitis

S. Aureus

28

MC aspirated food

Peanuts

29

MCC death in food aspiration

Hotdogs and Bread

30

MCC pneumonia in <28 days old

GBS, E. Coli, Listeria, Hib, S. Pneumoniae

31

MCC pneumonia 3 weeks to 3 months old

RSV

32

MC esophageal disorder in children of all ages

GERD

33

MC foreign body ingestion in children

Coins

34

MC foreign body ingestion in adolescents

Meat or food impactions

35

MCC non-bilious vomiting

Pyloric stenosis

36

MC form of Volvulus

Signoid Volvulus

37

MC type of Malrotation

Fialure of cecum to move into the RLQ

38

MCC intestinal obstruction in neonates

Hirschprung disease

39

MCC intestinal obstruction in children between 3 months to 6 yo

Intussusception

40

Sausage shaped mass in RUQ associated with Currant jelly stools

Instussusception

41

MC location of Hirschprung Disease

Rectosigmoid (80%)

42

MC nephritic syndrome in Children

PSGN

43

MC systemic fungal infection in immunocompromised patients with leukemia

Candidiasis

44

MC long term sequelae of bacterial meni meningitis in children

Hearing loss

45

MC acute renal failure in children

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

46

Most common nephrotic syndrome in children

Minimal change disease (steroid sensitive)

47

MC chronic glomerular disease worldwide

IgA Nephropathy (Berger Disease)

48

MC hereditary human kidney disease

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (adult type)

49

Most common serious bacterial infection in population younger than 2 years old

Pyelonephritis

50

Most common form of HUS is due to

Toxin-producing E. Coli

51

MC palpable abdominal mass in the newborn

Hydronephrosis

52

MCC of severe obstructive uropathy, especially seen in boys. (Pedia)

Posterior urethral valves

53

MC congenital pancytopenia

Fanconi syndrome

54

MCC of Cyanotic Heart Disease in Newborn

TGA

55

MCC of Cyanotic Headt Disease in Infants and Children

TOF

56

The most common skin disorder of infancy

Diaper Dermatitis

57

The most commonly used standards of Skeletal Maturation

Gruelich and Pyle

58

Psychosomatic illness – The most common conversion symptom.

Pseudoseizures

59

The most common cause of daytime enuresis in the preschool child

Micturition deferral

60

Anxiety Disorders – Obsessive-compulsive disorder: The most common compulsions are

Handwashing, continual checking of locks, and touching.

61

Handwashing, continual checking of locks, and touching.

Dyslexia

62

The most common cause of underweight in infancy and may account for > ½ of the cases of FTT.

Nutritional neglect

63

This is the most common inborn error of methionine metabolism

Homocytinuria due to cystathionine synthase deficiency (Homocystinuria Type I, Classic Homocystinuria)

64

This is probably the most common of all urea cycle disorders.

Ornithine Transcarbamylase (OTC) Deficiency

65

The most common B-cell defect

Selective IgA deficiency

66

The most common malignancy of childhood, and approximately 70% of cases cured by conventional chemotherapy.

ALL

67

The most common malignancy of childhood, and approximately 70% of cases cured by conventional chemotherapy.

Neuroblastoma

68

It is the most common cause of nonthrombocytopenic purpura in children

HSP

69

The most common (commonest) cause of traveler’s diarrhea

Enterotoxigenic E. Coli

70

The most common bacterial cause of nosocomial diarrhea

C. Difficile

71

The most common bacterial cause of nosocomial diarrhea

Infection

72

In osteomyelitis, is the most common infecting organism in all age groups, including newborns

S. Aures

73

The most common cause of non-bilous vomiting

Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis

74

The most frequent congenital GI anomaly, occurring in 2-3% of all infants

Meckel Diverticulum

75

The most common cause of lower intestinal obstruction in neonates

Congenital Aganglionic Megacolon (Hirschsprung Disease)

76

The most common cause of intestinal obstruction between 3 mos. and 6 yr. of age

Intussusception

77

The most common condition requiring emergency abdominal operation in childhood.

Acute appendicitis

78

The most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in children

Lymphoma

79

The most common inguinal hernia in children is

Indirect Inguinal hernia

80

The most common cause is neonatal endotracheal intubation

Chronic Subglottic Stenosis

81

The most common tumor of the larynx in childhood; it rarely becomes malignant and often disappear after puberty

Papilloma

82

The most common form of ASD and is associated with structurally normal atrioventricular (AV) valves

Ostium Secundum Defect

83

The most common cardiac malformation, accounting for 25% of congenital heart disease

VSD

84

The most common benign cardiac tumors in children are

Myxoma

85

The most common hereditary bleeding disorder

Von Willebrand disease

86

The most commonly recognized cutaneous marker of tuberous sclerosis.

Adenoma sebaceum

87

Otitis Externa: External otitis (swimmer’s ear) is most commonly caused by

P. aeruginosa

88

The most common primary malignant intraocular tumor of childhood.

Retinoblastoma

89

The most common genetically determined neuropathy

Peroneal Muscular Atrophy (Charcot-MarieTooth Disease; HMSN Type I)

90

The most common hereditary neuromuscular disease affecting all races and ethnic grp.

Duchenne muscular dystrophy

91

The most common acquired chorea of childhood and is the sole neurologic manifestation of rheumatic fever

Sydenham chorea

92

The most common cause of acquired hypothyroidism is

Lymphocytic thyroiditis

93

The most common cause of testicular pain in boys 12 yr

Testicular (spermatic cord) Torsion

94

The most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma

Rhabdomyosarcoma

95

The most common solid tumor of children outside of the CNS

Neuroblastoma (NB)

96

MC skeletal dysplasia

Achondroplasia

97

Major cause of Dwarfism

Achondroplasia

98

MC lethal form of dwarfism

Thanatophoric dysplasia

99

MC inherited d/o of CT

Osteogenesis imperfecta

100

MC skeletal malignancy

Metastases

101

MC intraosseos cartilage tumor

Chondroma

102

MC form of arthritis

Osteoarthritis