Most COMMONS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most COMMONS Deck (53):
1

Tracheoesophageal Fistula

Between esophagus and distal third of the trachea

2

Epithelial tumor of the Salivary Gland

Pleomorphic Adenoma

3

Malignant tumor of Salivary Gland

Muciepidermoid Carcinoma

4

Malignancy of the Parotid gland

Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma

5

Site of Nasopharynheal CA

Fossa of Rossenmuller

6

Site for lodging of I gested foreign body, particulary, fish bone

Pyriform sinuse

7

Esophageal diverticula

Zenker's diverticula

8

Benign tumor of esophagus

Leiomyoma

9

Malignancy of esophagus

Squamous cell CA

10

Rectus sheath hematoma
1. Cause
2. Site

1. Trauma, rupture of Inferior Epigastric VEIN
2. Right side, below the umbilicus

11

Most commonly fractured bone in the body

Clavicle

12

Humeral fracture site

Surgical neck

13

MC affected structure in Inflammation of Rotator Cuff

Tendon of Supraspinatus Muscle

14

MCC of Congenital Hypothyroidism

Thyroid Dysgenesis

15

MCC of CAH

Deficiency of 21-hydroxylase enzyme

16

MC Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Bochdalek Hernia (posterolatetal defect)

17

MC Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Bochdalek Hernia (posterolatetal defect)

18

Most common reason for hemolysis in newborn

ABO incompatibility

19

MC short-limb dwarfism

Achondroplasia/Hypochondroplasia

20

MC short-limb dwarfism

Achondroplasia/Hypochondroplasia

21

Most common congenital anomaly associated with CHARGE syndrome

Choanal Atresia

22

MCC for Common Colds

Rhinovirus

23

MCC Croup

Parainfluenza virus

24

MCC Epiglottitis

H. Influenza (unvaccinated)
Streptococcus (vaccinated)

25

Acute Infectious Laryngitis

Viral

26

MCC Spasmodic Croup

Allergic

27

MCC Bacterial Tracheitis

S. Aureus

28

MC aspirated food

Peanuts

29

MCC death in food aspiration

Hotdogs and Bread

30

MCC pneumonia in <28 days old

GBS, E. Coli, Listeria, Hib, S. Pneumoniae

31

MCC pneumonia 3 weeks to 3 months old

RSV

32

MC esophageal disorder in children of all ages

GERD

33

MC foreign body ingestion in children

Coins

34

MC foreign body ingestion in adolescents

Meat or food impactions

35

MCC non-bilious vomiting

Pyloric stenosis

36

MC form of Volvulus

Signoid Volvulus

37

MC type of Malrotation

Fialure of cecum to move into the RLQ

38

MCC intestinal obstruction in neonates

Hirschprung disease

39

MCC intestinal obstruction in children between 3 months to 6 yo

Intussusception

40

Sausage shaped mass in RUQ associated with Currant jelly stools

Instussusception

41

MC location of Hirschprung Disease

Rectosigmoid (80%)

42

MC nephritic syndrome in Children

PSGN

43

MC systemic fungal infection in immunocompromised patients with leukemia

Candidiasis

44

MC long term sequelae of bacterial meni meningitis in children

Hearing loss

45

MC acute renal failure in children

Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome

46

Most common nephrotic syndrome in children

Minimal change disease (steroid sensitive)

47

MC chronic glomerular disease worldwide

IgA Nephropathy (Berger Disease)

48

MC hereditary human kidney disease

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (adult type)

49

Most common serious bacterial infection in population younger than 2 years old

Pyelonephritis

50

Most common form of HUS is due to

Toxin-producing E. Coli

51

MC palpable abdominal mass in the newborn

Hydronephrosis

52

MCC of severe obstructive uropathy, especially seen in boys. (Pedia)

Posterior urethral valves

53

MC congenital pancytopenia

Fanconi syndrome