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Flashcards in Most Unknown Deck (69)
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1

Where does flame spread when the smoke has pressurized a
room?

With the smoke flow

2

During what part of the incident should close monitoring
of firefighters and fire fighting operations take place?

First 20 minutes

3

What is the collective flammable range in air of gases
typically found in smoke?

1% to 74%

4

What tends to lead to the CYA approach by the ISO?

Legal liability environment

5

With what frequency should you feed firefighters when
mental and physical demands remain on the fire scene?

2-3 hours

6

Who is in the best position to evaluate issues regarding
operational effectiveness?

ASO-HM

7

When did rules begin to be created for the fire service?

1960s

8

An ASO should be requested when the fire is expected to be
active for longer than what amount of time?

4 hours

9

How long can true recovery from an overly strenuous
firefight take?

24 hours

10

Which part of predicting collapse includes "decide"?

p73

Predicting collapse

11

Under which level do the ISOs dispatched under the NIMS at
a specialty team incident fall?

Tactical

12

What are the steps in the ISO read-risk model

Collect Information
Analyze
Judge Risk

13

What can be looked at when determining which equipment can
make a difference in the safety of personnel?

Injury and death statistics

14

Which type of buildings are put together like a house of
cards?

Structural insulated panel

15

?+?+?= Ergonomic Stress

Physical Setting
Worker Relationship to Setting
Task Requirements

16

What are the ergonomic abatement strategies?

Awareness
Accommodation
Acclimation

17

What color smoke is seen before a backdraft occurs?

Yellowish-gray

18

What must be done with the ISO options at an incident?

Develop SOPs

19

When was NFPA 1521 rewritten to reflect the separation of
duties for the safety officer?

Mid-1990s

20

What three things are typically used to rate survivability?

Reading the smoke
Reading the building
Evaluating the resources

21

How much of the collapse height should be added (as a
minimum) when establishing control zones?

50% (for a total of 150%)

22

How many phases will the fire go through that is
ventilation-controlled?

Six

23

Who should tour the drill site and evaluate the hazards
that are present before a training event?

SO

24

What is a true bowstring truss?

Arched truss

25

Who can benefit in terms of tool choices and access/egress
options when the ISO shares information with the IC?

RIC

26

What is considered top priority during rehab operations?

Rest

27

Which is NOT correct about the wind turbine?

Only the atmospheric wind causes movement

28

With which type of building collapse are masonry materials
and heavier wood involved with victims possibly trapped by
load-bearing members?

Moderate

29

Which NFPA standard must the ISO meet the technician-level
requirements of to satisfy OSHA regulations for confined
space, trench, and cave-in rescues?

NFPA 1671

30

What does the ISO view as a multiplier for risk-taking?

Building size

31

Which would keep the smoke from dissipating in the outside
air?

High humidity

32

The Control Hierarchy includes three steps:

Design
Guard
Warn

33

In which NFPA standard are the roots of risk management
and a dedicated safety officer in the fire service found?

NFPA 1500

34

Who is responsible for monitoring working teams, deploying
safety measures, and making interventions during a type 1
or type 2 incident?

SOFR

35

MEDIC action model

Monitor
Evaluate
Develop
Intervene
Communicate

36

Which is considered a last resort in the control hierarchy
of classic risk management?

Use PPE

37

What makes up the Operational Triad

Personell
Equipment
Procedure

38

With what frequency should the ISO have face-to-face
communications with the IC at routine incidents?

15 minutes

39

Which hostile fire event has a warning sign of exhaust
flow paths that intermittently puff or try to suck air?

Explosive growth phase

40

What is the minimum distance from a downed power line that
the firefighter should maintain?

10 feet (3 m)

41

Incidents that will last over what period of time should
have a formal rehab in place?

2 hours

42

How are firefighter injury and fatality data typically
reported?

Annually

43

Within what amount of time after arrival will multiple
tasks be going on at one time?

15-20 minutes

44

What is situational awareness actually a measure of?

Accuracy

45

Which ICS form would be used for a simple incident
briefing?

ICS 201

46

What needs to be dialed in to help the firefighter perform
better and help prevent injuries?

Nutrition

47

Which NFPA standard contains requirements, duties, and
responsibilities for the ISO?

NFPA 1561

48

What is the number two cause of injuries on the structure
fire incident scene?

Being struck

49

What should be looked at when trying to determine if
white/gray smoke is from early-stage heating or late-stage
heating?

Velocity

50

Which chapter within NFPA 1500 is essential information
for any current fire officer and especially those who are
assigned to the ISO position?

Chapter 8

51

What must be the number one tactical priority in buildings
with central halls or stairways?

Control smoke and heat

52

Which weather aspect is the most important to the
firefighter?

Wind

53

How much of its strength does cold-drawn steel lose at
800^F (427^C)?

55%

54

Which is seen as a warning sign of a flame-over?

Increase in smoke speed

55

What is the cause of most LODDs in the fire service?

Cardiac related

56

Who can help the ISO record times of events at the
incident?

Dispatch

57

Which type of clouds would indicate high winds that may
produce strong down slope winds if they surface?

Lenticular

58

What deals with rules of conduct in civil and criminal
matters?

Statutory law

59

What should the control efforts of the hazmat responders
be highly calculated and weighted towards?

Safety

60

Where are obviously or potentially contaminated victims
located while awaiting decontamination at the hazmat
incident?

Contaminated safe refuse area

61

Within what margin of error are the NFPA injury reports
considered to be when using returned surveys?

5%

62

Where does the technician rapid intervention team often
stage at the hazmat incident?

Escape area

63

According to the staffing guidelines for initial fire
ground operations, what is the minimum number of personnel
that will be needed at a small business fire?

23

64

Where is the deficiency usually found in a department that
suffers from costly accidents?

Training

65

What color will ash add to the smoke?

White

66

Who is responsible for monitoring working teams, deploying
safety measures, and making interventions during a type 1
or type 2 incident?

SOFR

67

How many firefighter injuries occur per 1,000 fires on
average over the past 30 years?

22 to 25

68

Who will the ISO be making sure is following the action
plan during mutual-aid assignments?

Visiting team

69

Which two steps do fire service practitioners of the class
risk management model tend to overlay the specifics of
during operations?

Evaluation and control