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Flashcards in Mots français à connaitre Deck (157):
1

éviter de

to avoid doing sth

2

éviter que

to prevent sth from happening

3

empêcher que

to prevent sb from doing sth

4

faire que

to result in sth happening

5

laisser faire qq ch

to let sb do sth / to let sth happen

6

permettre qq ch

to make sth possible / to allow sth

7

permettre à qq'un de

to let sb do sth/ to allow sb to do sth/ to enable sb to do sth

8

obliger qq'un à

to make sb do sth/ to force sb to do sth

9

interdire à qq'un de

to forbid sb to do sth/ to ban sb from doing sth

10

interdire qqch

to prohibit sth/ to ban sth

11

faire attention à qqch

to be careful about sty/ to pay attention to sth/ to be aware of sth

12

faire attention à faire qq ch

to be careful to do sth

13

favoriser qq ch

to give priority to sth/ to contribute to (doing) sth

14

faciliter qq ch

to make sth easier

15

compliquer qq ch

to make more difficult sth

16

risquer de

to risk doing sth

17

proposer qq ch

to suggest sth/ to advocate sth

18

évoluer

to evolve/ to change/ to make progress/ to get better/ to improve

19

progresser

to make progress

20

réaliser qqch (mener à bien)

to do sth/ to achieve sth

21

effectuer

to do/ to carry out

22

réussir (tout court)

to succeed/ to be successful

23

réussir à

to succeed in doing sth/ to manage to do sth

24

être habitué à

to be used to sth/ to be used to doing sth

25

avoir l'habitude de

to do sth often/ regularly

26

penser à/ envisager de

to think of/ about doing sth/ to consider doing sth

27

soulever un problème

to raise an issue

28

créer un problème

to cause a problem

29

pour avoir fait (cause)

for doing sth

30

pour que

so that + modal

31

(pour) ne pas

so as not to

32

(une) volonté de

a desire to do sth

33

(une) manière de

a way of + ing

34

un moyen de

a means to do sth/ a means of transportation

35

une besoin de

a need for

36

avoir besoin de

to need sth

37

une raison de

a reason for

38

être responsable de

to be responsible for sth

39

le responsable (qui gère)

the person in charge

40

être confronté à

to be faced with a problem

41

faire face

to face sth

42

avoir peur de

to be afraid of/ to fear sth/ to be scared by

43

travail

work

44

un travail, emploi

a job

45

une entreprise

a company

46

la population

people

47

une association

an organisation

48

la société

society (pas the)

49

l'économie (science)

economics

50

l'économie (réalité)

the economy

51

économique

economic

52

la chance

to be lucky/ to have opportunities for/ to be likely to

53

niveau de vie

living standards / standard of living

54

mode de vie

life-style

55

pouvoir d'achat

purchasing power

56

revenu

income

57

salaire

wage/ salary

58

aide (humanitaire)

aid (tis singulier)

59

aide (sociale/ alloc)

benefits

60

aide (subvention)

a subsidy

61

de l'aide (général)

to receive help

62

produire

to produce

63

consommer

to consume

64

consommation

consumption / the consumer society

65

polluer

to pollute (polluted, polluting, pollution)

66

prix

price (to pay) / prize (to win)

67

payer qq ch

to pay for sth

68

préciser qq ch

to clarify (one's view)

69

préciser que

to add that

70

effectuer

to carry out a job / a task / a mission

71

mener à bien

to achieve a project / a goal

72

établir (mettre en place)

to put sth in place / to set up sth

73

mettre en oeuvre, en application

to implement (a policy) / to put into practice

74

définir

to define, to specify

75

tracer les grandes lignes

to outline

76

avoir pour but de

to aim at doing sth

77

faire faire qq ch à qq'un

to make sb do sth / to have sb do sth

78

faire faire qq ch

to have sth done

79

tenir compte de

to take sth into account

80

augmenter

to rise / increase

81

croître

to grow

82

faire augmenter

to raise

83

diminuer

to decrease/ to fall/ to drop

84

faire diminuer

to bring down/ to reduce

85

renforcer

to strengthen/ to make stronger/ to reinforce

86

se renforcer

to grow stronger

87

affaiblir

to weaken

88

faiblir

to grow weaker

89

soutenir

to support sb/ to back sb/ to sponsor

90

résister

to resist sth

91

se rendre, renoncer

to surrender/ to give in (to sth)

92

battre

to beat/ to defeat

93

se battre contre

to fight against / to struggler

94

parvenir

to manage to do sth

95

échouer

to fail do sth (a failure)

96

(s')élargir

to widen/ to broaden

97

rétrécir

to shrink

98

(s')étendre

to spread/ to expand

99

stagner

to stagnate

100

subir

to be the victim of/ to undergo/ to go through/ to be submitted to/ to endure sth

101

imposer à

impose sth to sb/ to compel sb to do sth

102

échapper à

to get away from/ to escape from

103

bénéficier de

to benefit from

104

bénéficier à

to benefit sb

105

pousser qq'un à

to urge sb to do sth/ to encourage sb to do sth

106

dissuader

to dissuade sb from doing sth/ to discourage sb from/ to deter sb from

107

provoquer/ causer

to cause sth to happen/ to lead to sth happening/ to result in sth happening/ to bring about sth/ to give rise to a phenomenon

108

être causé par

to be the result of/ to result from

109

continuer à

to go on doing sth

110

continuer qq ch

to proceed with sth/ to go on with sth

111

mettre un terme à

to bring sth to an end, to a close

112

désapprouver

to disapprove of sb doing sth/ to criticize sb for doing sth/ to blame sb for doing sth/ to be critical of sb for doing sth/ to disagree with sb doing sth

113

respecter

to respect

114

faire respecter

to have .. respected

115

bafouer

to deny / to scorn

116

mépriser

to scorn/ to despise

117

supprimer

to eliminate/ to eradicate/ to put an end to/ to do away with

118

apporter (sens figuré)

to bring about

119

avoir du mal, des difficultés

to have difficulty doing sth/ to fin it hard to do sth

120

dépendre de

to depend on

121

dans un premier temps/ Deuxième temps

First/ Firstly/ Secondly

122

ensuite

then

123

donc

so/ therefore

124

finalement

lastly/ finally (pour conclure)

125

de la même manière

similarly/ in the same way

126

contrairement à

unlike

127

contraire à

contrary to

128

tandis que/ alors que

while

129

pendant + qté de tps

for

130

pendant + date, période

during

131

actuellement

now / currently

132

nécessairement

necessarily

133

éventuellement

possibly

134

à certains égards

to a certain extent

135

assez (suffisamment)

enough

136

assez (plutôt)

rather

137

tout à fait / complètement

quite

138

toujours (encore)

still

139

toujours (de tous tps)

always

140

déjà

already

141

pas encore

not...yet

142

rentable/ bénéfique

profitable ≠ unprofitable

143

performant/ efficace

efficient ≠ inefficient

144

réaliste / raisonnable

realistic / sensible ≠ unrealistic/ insensible

145

sensible ≠ dur

sensitive ≠ unsensitive (harsh, unfeeling)

146

utopique

unrealistic

147

souhaitable

desirable ≠ undesirable

148

scandaleux, choquant, anormal

unacceptable, outrageous

149

important

big, large, vast

150

en voie de dvpt

developing

151

semblable à ≠ différent de

similar to ≠ different from

152

inégal

unequal

153

inégalités

inequalities

154

injuste

unfair

155

Intervenir

Step in

156

le mépris

to show contempt for

157

(se) rétracter

to tighten