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Flashcards in MSK - 1 Deck (12)
1

What are the 3 components that are generalised to all types of synovial joints?

Articular capsule - fibrous capsule with synovial membrane
Synovial fluid - secrete from the the synovial membrane
Articulate cartilage - hyaline

2

Name each type of synovial joint, and for each one give an example

Hinge - elbow / ankle joint
Saddle - carpometacarpal (wrist)
Pivot - atlantoaxial joint and proximal radio-ulnar joint
Plane - acromioclavicular
Condyloid - MCPJ
Ball and socket - head of femur into acetabulum

3

What is the connecting medium in primary Synchondrosis joints?

Hyaline cartilage

4

Give an example of a primary and a secondary Synchondrosis joint

Primary - head of the femur into acetabulum
Secondary - pubic symphysis.

5

Which types of joints are fixed and immobile, and give an example of one such joint

Fibrous joints.
The gomphosis.

6

What are the 3 classification of joints

Synovial
Fibrous
Cartilaginous.

7

Muscles of the pectoral region

Pectoralis major
Pectoralis minor
Subclavius
Serratous anterior

8

Attachment, Action, blood, nerve with roots of pectoralis major

Medial and lateral pectoral nerves C5-T1
Medial rotation
Flexion of arm (sternal head)
Adduct humerus

Both heads insert into intertubercle groove on the humerus.
Pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery

9

Attachment, Action, blood, nerve with roots of pectoralis minor

Inserts into Coracoid process
Stabilises scapula by drawing it anteriorly and inferiorly against chest wall.
Medial pectoral nerve C8-T1

Pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery

10

Name the different shapes of bone, and for each one give an example

Irregular - sphenoid
Short - calcaneus
Long - femur
Flat - parietal bone
Sesamoid - patella

11

Attachment, Action, blood, nerve with roots of subclavius

Anchors and depresses clavicle and elevates first rib
Nerve to subclavius C5-C6
Clavicular branch of thoracoacromial artery

12

Attachment, Action, blood, nerve with roots of serratous anterior

Inserts into anterior surface of medial border of scapula
Internally rotates scapula and anteriorly
Abduction of arm above 90 degrees, with trapezius.
Long thoracic nerve C5-C7
Lateral thoracic artery