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Flashcards in MSK nuggets - lower limb Deck (140)
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1

Which fibular nerve is the nerve of the lateral compartment?

Superficial fibular

(common fibular supplies the anterior compartment of the leg)

2

What are the three compartments of the femoral sheath? 

Lateral = femoral artery

Intermediate = femoral vein

Medial = femoral canal

3

What nerve supplies the adductor muscles in the leg?

Obturator nerve

 

This nerve exits the pelvis via the obturator canal which passes through the obturator foramen.

4

What is this ligament?

Pubofemoral

5

What is in the superficial compartment of the posterior compartment of the lower leg?

Gastrocnemius 

(I think plantaris as well)

6

What is the purpose of the anterior cruciate ligament?

Prevents femur from sliding posteriorly on the tibia and prevents hyperextension of the knee

7

Look at the bursa that are on page 123

8

What are the attachments of the medial collateral ligament?

Medial epicondyle of the femur to the medial epicondyle and upper part of the medial surface of the tibia

9

Look at the superficial fibular nerve, deep fibular nerve, anterior ibial artery and dorsalis pedis artery on essential anatomy

10

What is this ligament?

Sacrotuberous ligament

11

During which movement of the subtalar joint are ankle sprains more common?

Inversion

12

What is this ligament?

Iliofemoral

13

What is the mnemonic for the door to the foot?

14

What are the three major structures found in the femoral triangle?

Femoral vein

Femoral artery

Femoral nerve

15

What type of joint is the ankle?

hinge type

16

What are the root values for the superior gluteal nerve?

L4, L5, S1

17

What is the action of the muscles of the anterior compartment of the lower leg?

Dorsiflexion of the ankle

Extensords of the toes

18

What are the functions of the gluteus maximus?

Extension and external rotation

19

Layer 1 muscles of the foot

Abductor digiti minimi

Abductor hallucis

Flexor digitorum brevis

20

Which meniscus is more commonly injured?

Medial meniscus

21

Which part of the fascia lata is called the iliotibial tract?

The lateral part

22

 

What is the name of the ring of cartilage that surrounds the acetabulum?

Acetabular labrum

23

What are the contents of the femoral canal?

Fat

Loose connective tissue

Lymphatic vessels - draining the deep inguinal lymph nodes

Deep lymph node the lacunar node

Empty space

 

24

How does a femoral hernia arise?

Abdominal contents push into the femoral canal within the demoral sheath.

25

What is the function of the arches of the feet?

Distribute body weight and act as shock absorbers

26

Which muscle does the sciatic nerve always lie under?

Piriformis

27

What are the borders of the femoral triangle?

Medially = adductor longus

Laterally = sartorius

Base = inguinal ligament

28

What are the dynamic factors that maintatin the integrity of the arches of the foot?

Intrinsic muscles of the foot

Long flexor tendons

Tendon of tibialis anterior and fibularis longus

29

What are the adductor muscles supplied by?

Obturator nerve (pectineus is supplied by the femoral nerve though)

30

Which action is likely to break both fibular and tibial bones?

Eversion