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Flashcards in Reproduction BABY Deck (146)
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1

Why might haemorrhoids be associated with cirrhosis of the liver?

Congestion of portal circulation

2

What is the function of the superficial transverse perineal?

Fixation and stabilisation of the perineal body

3

When does the placenta physiologically separate from the uterine wall?

Thirsd stage of labour after delivery of the foetus

4

Where do the bulbourethral glands empty?

Empty into the penile/spongy urethra

5

What is the tough outer layer of the testis?

Tunica vaginalis

6

At what vertebral level does the testicular artery arise from the abdominal aorta?

L2

7

What artery supplies the uterus?

Uterine artery (branch of the anterior trunk of the internal iliac)

8

Which nerve pireces the psoas major muscle?

Genitofemoral nerve

9

Give two functions of the pelvic diaphragm

Supports abdominopelvic viscera

Fecal continence

10

What is the innervation of erectile tissues in both men and women?

S2,3,4 from hypogastric plexus

11

Why is a mediolateral episiotomy preferable to a midline episiotomy?

Reduces chance of damage to the rectum and the anal spincter

12

What forms the ejaculatory duct?

Vas deferens joining the duct of the seminal gland

13

What are the layers of the muscle and fascia that contribute to the inguinal canal?

External oblique

Internal oblique

Transversus abdominis

Transversalis fascia

14

Where is the cardinal ligament found?

Located at the base of the broad ligament of the uterus 

(attaches the cervix to the lateral pelvic wall)

15

What can be a complication of ischia-anal abscesses?

Can burst into nearby spaces / passageways generating fistula

16

Make sure you can locate the uterine tube

Ovarian ligament

Round ligament

Suspensory ligament and the broad ligament

 

 

 

17

What is the blood supply to the breast?

Supplied by branches of the subclavian and axillary arteries

 

(lateral thoracic, internal thoracic, lateral mammary, medial mammary)

18

What drains most of the uterine body?

External iliac and lumbar nodes

19

Which area develops into the lower segment of the uterus?

The area between the cervix and the uteus

 

For C section th uterus is opened at the lower segment

20

What is the main component of the ischio-anal fossae?

Fat

 

21

Into which vein does the left and right testicular vein drain?

RIght vein drains into the IVC

Left testicular vein drains into the left renal vein

22

Compare acetabulum 

Female = large

Male = small

23

What is the risk of having a retroverted and retrofelxed pelvis in early pregnancy?

Uterus may become trapped in the pelvis - incarcerated uterus

24

Which ligament does the uterine artery travel within?

Cardinal ligament

25

After rectal surgery why are some men not able to ejaculate?

Damage to pudendal nerve

26

What are the two triangles of the perineum?

Urogenital

Anal

27

What are the features of the ductus defrerens on histology?

Stellate shaped lumen

Thicked walled muscular tube

28

Sompare lesser pelvis?

Female = wide and shallow

Male = narrow and deep

29

What ligament attaches the ovary to the lateral pelvic wall?

Suspensory ligament of ovary

30

What nerve supplies the skin and muscles of the perineum?

Pudendal nerve - arises from the sacral plexus