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Flashcards in MSK Terms Deck (59):
1

ecchymosis

discoloration

2

hematoma

collection of blood

3

subluxation

partial dislocation

4

tendonitis

inflammation of tendon

5

tenosynovitis

inflammation of tendon sheath

6

spondylolysis

degeneration of spinal coloumn

(arthritis, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis etc)

7

spondylolysis

defect of the pars interticularis
seen a lot at L5/L1
Stress fracture
repetitive flexion/exteion

8

spondylolisthesis

slippage of vertebrae
top vertebrae slips anterior to the one below it
seen in lumbar region

9

radicular

radiating pain

10

paresthesia

numbness/ tingling

11

dislocation

displacement of bone in relation to apposing bone at the joint
resulting in complete loss of continuity of joint surface

12

Joints can ___

dislocate or sublux

13

fracture is a

displacement / disruption In bone continuity

14

soft tissue swelling is..

extra-articular - outside the joint
localized
fluid not mobile

15

joint effusion is..

swelling intraarticular
diffuse, symmetrical and loss of joint contour
fluid is mobile

16

nurse maids elbow is what..

common example of peds subluxation

17

epiphysis

rounded end of long bone (ice cream on cone)

18

physis

growth plate

19

diaphysis

shaft (shinny part)

20

metaphysis

between the epiphysis and diaphysis

21

fractures are a disruption in the__

continuity of bone
caused by trauma or physical force

22

what fracture is medical emergency

open

23

are kids more prone to sprain or to fracture?

fracture

24

incomplete fracture

fracturs that do not extend through the entire bone thickness

25

torus is aka as..

buckle fracture - resulting from trabecular compression from axial loading force.. usually involve the distal radial metaphysis

26

open fracture

fracture site exposed to environment, skin penetrated

27

compound fracture aka

open fracture

28

simple gracture aka

closed fracture

29

transverse fracture is..

fracture propagation directly across the bone 2 cortices

30

oblique fracture

fracture propagation in an angle across the bone 2 cortices

31

spiral fracture

propagation in a spiral pattern across the bone usually from low force torsion injuries

32

spiral toddlers fracture

seen a lot in the tibia
- raises eyebrows for abuse

33

spiral fracture

Fracture propagation in a spiral pattern across the bone usually from low force torsion injuries

34

segmental

Two adjacent fractures with an isolated central segment

35

pathologic fracture

Fracture in bone weakened by an abnormal condition
- always think of malignancy
- benign cyst
- when there is bone pain complaint with no trauma history

36

stress fracture

Fracture occurs when activity is increased and seen primarily in weight bearing bones
- metatarsals
- tibia

37

when do you worry about compression fracture?

MVA - trauma
Falls
bad osteoporosis

38

compression fracture

Fracture of bone by two other bones (i.e. Vertebral bodies)

39

comminuted fracture

shattered bone, multiple fracture fragments

40

Salter Harris classification used for?

pediatrics

41

SALTR - S

slipped type 1 physis fx

42

SALTR A

above type II physis and metaphysis

43

SALTR T

through or transverse IV epi to metaphysis

44

SALTR R

ruined or rammed type V crush fx

45

SLATR L

lower type III Epiphysis and physis fx

46

always be ___ in the fracture care

conservative - know when to punt! Don't treat the xray

47

finklestein test for..

decurivor ? veins

48

Thompson test for

Achilles tendon

49

_____ and ___ are medical emergencies

supracondylar humaral fracture
hip dislocation

50

arthrogram

Contrast injected into a joint to further evaluate soft tissue structures of joints before MRI, CT, or x-ray

51

myelogram

X-ray, CT, and contrast media used to evaluated the space b/w bone and soft tissue (i.e spine to aid in dx of HNP & Spinal stenosis)

52

strain

stretching or tearing of a muscle or tendon

53

sprain

stretching or tearing of a ligament

54

Muscles ____, ligaments ____

muscles STRAIN, ligaments SPRAIN

55

Tendon

connects bone to muscle

56

Ligament

connects bone to bone

57

what is often the only clue for stress fracture on xray?

callus formation

58

General treatment for fx

PRICE, Meds: NSAIDS, cyclobenzapriene (flexeril), steroids

59

what artery are you worried about with a knee dislocation?

popliteal artery!