Flashcards in MSK Terms Deck (59):
collection of blood
inflammation of tendon
inflammation of tendon sheath
degeneration of spinal coloumn
(arthritis, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis etc)
defect of the pars interticularis
seen a lot at L5/L1
slippage of vertebrae
top vertebrae slips anterior to the one below it
seen in lumbar region
displacement of bone in relation to apposing bone at the joint
resulting in complete loss of continuity of joint surface
Joints can ___
dislocate or sublux
fracture is a
displacement / disruption In bone continuity
soft tissue swelling is..
extra-articular - outside the joint
fluid not mobile
joint effusion is..
diffuse, symmetrical and loss of joint contour
fluid is mobile
nurse maids elbow is what..
common example of peds subluxation
rounded end of long bone (ice cream on cone)
shaft (shinny part)
between the epiphysis and diaphysis
fractures are a disruption in the__
continuity of bone
caused by trauma or physical force
what fracture is medical emergency
are kids more prone to sprain or to fracture?
fracturs that do not extend through the entire bone thickness
torus is aka as..
buckle fracture - resulting from trabecular compression from axial loading force.. usually involve the distal radial metaphysis
fracture site exposed to environment, skin penetrated
compound fracture aka
simple gracture aka
transverse fracture is..
fracture propagation directly across the bone 2 cortices
fracture propagation in an angle across the bone 2 cortices
propagation in a spiral pattern across the bone usually from low force torsion injuries
spiral toddlers fracture
seen a lot in the tibia
- raises eyebrows for abuse
Fracture propagation in a spiral pattern across the bone usually from low force torsion injuries
Two adjacent fractures with an isolated central segment
Fracture in bone weakened by an abnormal condition
- always think of malignancy
- benign cyst
- when there is bone pain complaint with no trauma history
Fracture occurs when activity is increased and seen primarily in weight bearing bones
when do you worry about compression fracture?
MVA - trauma
Fracture of bone by two other bones (i.e. Vertebral bodies)
shattered bone, multiple fracture fragments
Salter Harris classification used for?
SALTR - S
slipped type 1 physis fx
above type II physis and metaphysis
through or transverse IV epi to metaphysis
ruined or rammed type V crush fx
lower type III Epiphysis and physis fx
always be ___ in the fracture care
conservative - know when to punt! Don't treat the xray
finklestein test for..
decurivor ? veins
Thompson test for
_____ and ___ are medical emergencies
supracondylar humaral fracture
Contrast injected into a joint to further evaluate soft tissue structures of joints before MRI, CT, or x-ray
X-ray, CT, and contrast media used to evaluated the space b/w bone and soft tissue (i.e spine to aid in dx of HNP & Spinal stenosis)
stretching or tearing of a muscle or tendon
stretching or tearing of a ligament
Muscles ____, ligaments ____
muscles STRAIN, ligaments SPRAIN
connects bone to muscle
connects bone to bone
what is often the only clue for stress fracture on xray?
General treatment for fx
PRICE, Meds: NSAIDS, cyclobenzapriene (flexeril), steroids