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Flashcards in Multiple Choice Questions Deck (25)
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1

What can nurses do to help prevent death from botulism
A) Early detection and use of the antitoxin
B) Educate patients’ families about botulism
C) promote nutrition for healing
D) Put affected patients on isolation

A.) Early Detection and use of the antitoxin

2

Which type of home-prepared, uncooked game food has not been associated with botulism outbreaks in Alaskan Natives?
A) Beaver
B) Whale
C) Seal
D) Fish
E) Moose

E.) Moose

3

There was increased incidences of botulism in the 70s and 80s in Alaska largely because:
A) The population increased
B) Alaska Native people started eating more “modern” food
C) Alaska Native people started eating beluga whale
D) Alaska Native people started storing their game meats in synthetic containers instead of underground earthen pits

D.) Alaska Native people started storing their game meats in synthetic containers instead of underground earthen pits

4

The most effective way to avoid contracting botulism:
A) Ferment your aquatic game meats
B) Eat aquatic game meats only directly after the animal dies
C) Only eat aquatic game meats in the winter months
D) Adequately cook your aquatic game meats

D) Adequately Cook Your Aquatic Game Meats

5

Most outbreaks of botulism have been recorded to occur during this time of year:
A) July- August
B) October- November
C) February- March
D) December- January

A.) July - August

6

What population does Diphtheria affect the most?
Children
Adults
Animals
Elderly

Children

7

Who anticipated the discovery of diphtheria?
Albert Einstein
Emil von Behring
Pierre Bretonneu
Friedrich Loeffler

Friedrich Loeffler

8

Was the diphtheria case in Nome, AK considered endemic, epidemic or pandemic?
Andempic
Endemic
Epidemic
Pandemic

Epidemic

9

Which chronic disease is associated with lower antibody concentrations of diphtheria? IBS, IBD or CHF?
IBS
IBD
CHF

IBD

10

Which country is most affected by Diphtheria?
India
Nepal
Pakistan
United States

India

11

Hepatitis C is a bloodborne virus that is most commonly transmitted through which of the following: (select all that apply)

a.) Injection drug use through sharing needles
b.) Reusing or inadequate sterilization of syringes and needles in a healthcare setting
c.) Sexual activity that leads to blood exposure
d.) Infected mother through breast milk

a.) Injection drug use through sharing needles

b.) Reusing or inadequate sterilization of syringes and needles in a healthcare setting

c.) Sexual activity that leads to blood exposure

12

Hepatitis C is known as

A Silent Endemic
A Silent Epidemic
A Silent Pandemic

A Silent Epidemic

13

Which of the following is known as a population at risk of having Hep C?

Baby Boomers (born in 1945-1965)
Rural population
Excessive alcohol use

Baby Boomers

14

Treatment of Hepatitis C has proven successful with rates rising 6%-90%, however, what is the major public concern for this treatment?

Long course of treatment

Access to treatment

High costs of treatment

Common adverse side effects

High Costs of Treatment

15

What type of screenings are recommended to detect Hepatitis C?

Mammography
Blood Test
Ultrasound
MRI

Blood Test

16

What was Tuberculosis previously known as?
A. Consumption
B. Leprosy
C. Palsy
D. Apoplexy

A.) Consumption

17

Where did the Tuberculosis bacteria originate?
Eastern Europe
Russia
Africa
South Asia

C.) Africa

18

Who identified the bacterium that causes Tuberculosis?

Albert Schatz
Edward Livingston Trudeau
Charles Darwin
Robert Koch

Robert Koch

19

What decade did successful medical treatment for TB begin?
1980’s
1950’s
1920’s
1940’s

1950's

20

What is the name for facilities that specifically housed people with Tuberculosis?

Institution
Sanitorium
Calaboose
Slammer

Sanitorium

21

What kind of -demic is toxoplasmosis?

Endemic
Epidemic
Andemic
Pandemic

Pandemic

22

What are the most at risk populations? Select all that apply

Immunocompromised
Pregnant Women
Teenagers
Fetuses

Immunocompromised

Pregnant Women

Fetuses

23

Who is internationally recognized as a leader in toxoplasmosis research?

Thomas Jefferson
Rima Mcleod
Gerard Butler
Theodore Barker

Rina Mcleod

24

What was the initial hypothesis for the cause of toxoplasmosis?

Sexually transmitted
Mosquitoes
Congenital
Undercooked meat

Congenital

25

What are some tips to avoid toxoplasmosis infection? Select all that apply

Wash your fruits and veggies

Cook foods to a safe temperature

Caution when handling wild game

Eating vegan

Wash your fruits and veggies

Cook foods to a safe temperature

Caution when handling wild game