Murmurs--Johns Flashcards Preview

CRRAB I--Wk 5 > Murmurs--Johns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Murmurs--Johns Deck (11):
1

Aortic Stenosis

murmur type

where is it heard best

systolic murmur

heard best over base of heart, also shooting up into carotids

2

Mitral Regurgitation

murmur type

where is it heard best

systolic murmur

heard best over apex of heart

radiates to axilla

3

Mitral Stenosis

murmur type

where is it heard best

diastolic murmur

(low-pitched rumble)

heard best w/ bell over apex of heart

4

Aortic Regurgitation

murmur type

where is it heard best

diastolic murmur

base of heart

5

Mitral Valve Prolapse

murmur type

where is it heard best

systolic murmur

apex

6

Physical exam findings of aortic regurgitation

bounding pulses

high pulse pressure

7

Mitral valve prolapse

pathophysiology

myxomatous degeneration of posterior leaflet

8

Sx of aortic stenosis

and their pathophysiology

angina

syncope

due to obstruction of flow through coronary arteries, causing angina and decreased perfusion of the brain, causing sycope

9

Why is it such a good thing to know when someone has asymptomatic aortic regurgitation?

because one it becomes symptomatic it has usually caused signifigant left ventricular hypertrophy

10

When does a mitral valve get replaced?

only once Sx start to interfere with daily life

11

What unusual pathology can cause aortic insufficiency?

blunt trauma

such as airbags