Peripheral Vascular Pathology--Witrack Flashcards Preview

CRRAB I--Wk 5 > Peripheral Vascular Pathology--Witrack > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peripheral Vascular Pathology--Witrack Deck (21):
1

What disease often causes iron overload?

hemochromatosis

2

Etiology of hemochromatosis

HFE mutation

hepcidin gene

3

Complications of iron overload

cardiomyopathy ± conduction disturbance, cirrhosis/hepatoma, diabetes, arthritis, skin darkening ("bronze diabetes")

4

How does amylid look under congo red?

apple green bioforingence

5

Doxorubicin causes what type of cardiomyopathy?

dilated

6

Amyloidosis is associated with this neoplasm

multiple myeloma

7

Biggest cause of mycarditis in:

developed world

developing world

developed world: viral

developing world: Chaga's disease

8

Heart transplant rejection results in this disease of the heart

myocarditis

(it's immune-mediated)

9

Classic case of mycarditis

child, post-viral illness

10

Tx of myocarditis

steroids

11

What are the two major causes of hematemesis?

ruptured esophageal varices

gastric/duodenal ulcer

12

What does pericarditis look like on the EKG?

ST-elevations on multiple leads

13

Recurrent pericarditis can cause this complication

restrictive cardiomyopathy

scarring around the outside of the heart

14

Most common cause of cardiac tampanode

ruptured retrograde aortic aneursym

15

Tx of recurrent pericarditis

pericardial window

sclerosising agents

16

2 types of cardiac tumors

rhabdomyomas

(primary in children)

myxoma

(primarily in adults)

17

Rhabdomyoma

1˚ cardiac tumor

tuberous sclerosis association

children

18

Myxoma

connective tissue tumor of heart

usually vegetation in left atrium

may cause emboli

adults

19

Most common source of emboli

heart

20

When do you have to worry about a DVT not being related to age or having an inciting event?

< 50 y/o

no inciting event

look for hypercoagulable state

congenital defects

metastatic disease

21

This disease has a "string of beads" appearance on CT angio and can cause 2˚ HTN

fibromuscular dysplasia