What disease often causes iron overload?
Etiology of hemochromatosis
Complications of iron overload
cardiomyopathy ± conduction disturbance, cirrhosis/hepatoma, diabetes, arthritis, skin darkening ("bronze diabetes")
How does amylid look under congo red?
apple green bioforingence
Doxorubicin causes what type of cardiomyopathy?
Amyloidosis is associated with this neoplasm
Biggest cause of mycarditis in:
developed world: viral
developing world: Chaga's disease
Heart transplant rejection results in this disease of the heart
Classic case of mycarditis
child, post-viral illness
Tx of myocarditis
What are the two major causes of hematemesis?
ruptured esophageal varices
What does pericarditis look like on the EKG?
ST-elevations on multiple leads
Recurrent pericarditis can cause this complication
scarring around the outside of the heart
Most common cause of cardiac tampanode
ruptured retrograde aortic aneursym
Tx of recurrent pericarditis
2 types of cardiac tumors
(primary in children)
(primarily in adults)
1˚ cardiac tumor
tuberous sclerosis association
connective tissue tumor of heart
usually vegetation in left atrium
may cause emboli
Most common source of emboli
When do you have to worry about a DVT not being related to age or having an inciting event?
< 50 y/o
no inciting event
look for hypercoagulable state
This disease has a "string of beads" appearance on CT angio and can cause 2˚ HTN