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Flashcards in muscles Deck (47)
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1

Masseter

cheek area

2

Temporalis

top of head area

3

digastricus

under chin/ under cheek area

4

splenius

back of neck area

5

serratus ventrailis

armpit area

6

Trapezius

where neck and back meet

7

Brachiocephalic

from radius and ulna to the head and neck

8

Sternocephalic

sternum to head, under jugular in dogs

9

Latissimus dorsi

to the right of trapezius

10

pectoral

on chest area

11

triceps brachii

back end of upper arm

12

carpal and digital extensors

cranial aspect of lower limb

13

carpal and digital flexors

caudal aspect of lower forelimb

14

external abdominal oblique

closest to skin

15

internal abdominal oblique

between external oblique and transverse abdominis

16

transversus abdominis

closest to linea alba

17

rectus abdominis

beside linea alba

18

gluteals

butt cheek area

19

hamstring

below butt cheek

20

quadricep femoris

top of thigh area

21

gastrocnemius

on the calcanean area

22

extensors of tarsus and flexors of digits

caudal aspect of lower limb

23

flexors of tarsus and extensors of digits

cranial aspect of lower limb

24

external intercostal

rib area, lines goes cranial to caudal

25

internal intercostal

rib area, lines go caudal to cranial

26

cutaneous trunci

covers back area

27

back muscle for im injection

paralumbar muscle

28

what 3 muscles make up the hamstring

semitendinosus, semimembranosus, biceps femoris

29

lumps and heat at injection site mean...

problem

30

What muscles are on either side of the jugular groove?

brachiocephalicus and sternocephalicus

31

lateral edge of jugular groove?

brachiocephaliucus

32

medial edge of jugular groove?

sternocephalicus

33

what connects muscle to bone?

tendon

34

aponeurosis

connects muscle to muscle (linea alba)

35

3 pros of linea alba

no bleeding
easy to see
good exposure of abdomen

36

2 cons?

takes awhile to heal
weight of stomach contents on suture site

37

what is a bursa?

a sac protecting tendons

38

what does the bursa make?

synovial fluid

39

what is a tendon sheath?

like a bursa but bigger

40

origin

where the muscle starts

41

insertion

where the muscle ends

42

another name for calcanean tendon

achilles tendon

43

4 skeletal muscle groups

1. agonist
2. antagonist
3. synergist
4. fixator

44

what is the agonist?

main mover

45

what does the antagonist do?

does the opposite movement of the agonist

46

what does the synergist do?

contracts at the same time as agonist

47

what does a fixator do?

keeps joint from moving while joints nearby are bending or flexing