Muscles And Movement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Muscles And Movement Deck (11):
1

Muscle

Tissue that attaches to bones and pulls others to allow movement

2

Tendon

Attaches muscle to bone allowing the muscle to pull the bone

3

Ligament

Joins bone to bone, keeping joints stable

4

Cartilage

Tissue at the ends of bones to act as a shock absorber and stop the bones wearing away at each other. Also in nose and outer ear

5

Synovial fluid

Fluid at joints

6

Joint

Where two or more bones meet

7

Ball and socket joint

Allows 360° movement all around. E.g. shoulder, thigh.

8

Hinge joint

180° one way movement. E.g. knee, elbow

9

Pivot joint

360° movement all around. E.g. neck. Our neck only has 180° movement due to muscle

10

Fused joint

No movement as different bones now attached.

11

Antagonistic muscle pairs

When muscles work in pairs, as the can only pull. When one contracts, the other relaxes. E.g. biceps and triceps