Musculoskeletal Pathologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Pathologies Deck (13):
0

Bruising or rupture of small blood vessels

Contusion

1

Injury to ligaments around a joint (common location ankle and knee)

Sprain

2

Stretching of muscles or tendons (common locations lower back, calf, hamstrings)

Strain

3

Assessment finding in soft tissue injury

Pain
Edema
Impaired functioning
Bruising

4

Complete healing time of soft tissue injury

3-6 weeks

5

Sprain/strain nursing care

Prevention
In acute phase ( protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation, pain control.

6

After acute phase of strain, sprain (24 - 48 hrs)

Warm moist heat
NSAIDs
Mov of joint to improve circulation and healing time

7

Nursing care for strain and sprain (rise)

R Rest
I Ice
C Compression
E Elevation

8

Incomplete displacement of joint

Subluxation

9

What are the types of fractures

Simple (closed)
Compound (open)
Pathological (spontaneous)
Stress or fatigue

10

What are the signs or symptoms of fractures.

Pain Crepitus (sound with movement)
Swelling Impaired sensation
Impaired ROM
Ecchymosis
Deformities

11

Explain fractures healing process.

Bone cells die, soft tissue damage occurs (inflammatory reaction), fibrin clot form (fracture hematoma), osteoblasts act, form callus

12

What are the common treatment uses for fractures.?

Reduction
Closed reduction
Open reduction internal fixation. ORIF