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Flashcards in Music History Deck (34)
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1

Overture to A Midsummer Nights Dream composer

Felix Mendelssohn

2

Instrumental music with extra-musical associations inspired by literature, visual arts, historical events or scenes from natures

Program music

3

A category of program music
A freestanding orchestral work not connected to an opera or ballet
Usually in sonata form

Concert Overture

4

Frédéric Chopin’s song

The “Revolutionary Etude”
Etude in C minor Op 10 no 12

5

étude

French word for study
A work that focuses on developing the technical skill of the performer
Became an important genre in the 19th century

6

Chromaticism

Extensive use of notes outside of the key signature
Creates harmonic dissonance and tension

7

Igor Stavinsky’ song

Petrushka

8

A genre developed in the 17th century that flourished in the Romantic Era
A story is told through a highly stylized form of dance

Ballet

9

Polytonality

Two or more keys sounding simultaneously, creating dissonance

10

Rondo form

A formal structure developed in the Classical era
The main section (A) alternates with contrasting sections eg ABACA

11

Hugh Lecaine’s song

Dripsody

12

Duke Ellington song

Ko-ko

13

Twelve-bar blues

A common musical structure used in jazz
Consists of three four measure phases
Usually based on standard chord progression

14

Agitated

Agitato

15

Sad

Dolente

16

Humorous, jocks

Giocoso

17

Grand, grandiose

Grandioso

18

Strongly accented, hammered

Martellato

19

Sad, mournful

Mesto

20

Dying, fading away

Morendo

21

Weighty, with emphasis

Pesante

22

Two octaves higher

Quinidicesima Alta, 15ma

23

Resolute

Risoluto

24

Playful

Scherzando

25

Simple

Semplice

26

Sonorous

Sonore

27

Above

Sopra

28

Sustained

Sostenuto

29

Soft, subdued, under the breath

Sotto voce

30

Be silent

Tacet