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Flashcards in Myology Deck (65)
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What are the muscles of the face and tongue

Orbicularis oculi
zygomaticus
mentalis
orbicularis oris
buccinator
genioglossus
hyoglossus
styloglossus

1

What are the muscles of mastication

Temporalis
Masseter
Medial (internal) Pterygoid
Lateral (external) Pterygoid

2

Does the TMJ have a disc or not

yes it does

3

what is wry neck

torticolis

4

what is the prime mover of jaw closure

masseter

5

What is the function of the buccinator

expels air, aids in mastication

6

what are the muscles of the superficial neck

Platysma and SCM

7

what are the muscle of the suprahyoid compartment

Digastric (two bellies)
stylohyoid
mylohyoid
geniohyoid

8

what are the muscles in the infrahyoid compartment (TOSS)

Sternohyoid
sternothyroid
Omohyoid (2 bellies)
Thyrohyoid

9

what do the muscles of the infrahyoid compartment do

swallowing and speaking
"strap Muscles"

10

What are the vertebral muscles of the head and neck

Longus colli
Scalenus Anterior, Medius and Posterior

11

Longus colli attaches where

the anterior tubercle of atlas

12

what are the muscles of the sub-occipital triangle

Superior oblique
Inferior oblique
Rectus Capitis Posterior Major

13

what makes up the roof of the Sub occipital triangle

semispinalis capitis muscle

14

what is the floor of the Sub occipital triangle

Posterior atlanto-occipital membrane

15

what are the contents of the sub-occipital triangle

suboccipital nerve and vertebral artery*

16

what artery traverses through the suboccipital triangle

vertebral

17

which nerve traverses through the suboccipital triangle

suboccipital

18

name the superior, lateral border of the suboccipital triangle

superior oblique

19

name the medial border of the suboccipital triangle

Rectus capitis posterior major

20

name the inferior, lateral border of the suboccipital triangle

inferior oblique

21

What are the deep muscles of the back

Multifidus
rotatores
Intertransversarii
interspinalis
iliocostalis
longissimus
spinalis

22

what are the erector spinae muscle group
I Love Spinal (lateral to medial)

Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis

23

what is the action of the mutifidus

extension and contralateral rotation

24

what is the function of the rotatores

extension and rotation

25

what is the function of the intertransversarii muscles

lateral flexion

26

what is the function of the interspinalis muscles

extension

27

what is the function of the Iliocostalis, longissimus and spinalis muscles

Extends and ipsilateral flexion

28

what is the nerve supply to the deep muscles of the back

Spinal nerve dorsal rami
(intertransversarii is also innervated by the anterior rami)

29

What are the muscles of the thorax

External Intercostals
internal intercostals
transverse thoracic
subcostalis