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Flashcards in Mythology Vocabulary Deck (25)
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1

Chaos

--Noun
--Confusion, somewhat stressful
--Dark, empty endless world
--Light and Beauty demolished Chaos and the world became Love and Light protected by gods
--Variation: Chaotic

2

Chronology

--Noun
--Sequence of events in order of occurrence
--Kronos ate and swallowed his children as they were born
--Variation: Chronograph, Chronological

3

Titanic

--Adjective
--Huge with strength and power
--Titans were earliest godlike creatures (very powerful) and gave birth to the gods who overtook them
--Variation: Titan

4

Claustrophobia

--Noun
--Fear of being in enclosed spaces
--Phobus (god of fear) and Deimos drove Ares' chariot into battle. Their presence caused other soldiers to flee.
--Variation: Claustrophobic

5

Lethargic

--Adjective
--Being drowsy or inefficient (sluggish)
--Lethe, an underworld river, moved thru the cave Hypnos which murmured to induce drowsiness. Drinking from river makes you forget your past life.
--Variation: Lethargy

6

Geography

--Noun
--Study of physical and biological features, nations and people on the earth
--Eratosthenes created longitude and latitude. Gaea and Chaos gave birth to giants, titans and the world.
--Variation: Geographer, Geographical

7

Atlas

--Noun
--One who has a great burden upon them (Book of maps of the world)
--Atlas was a titan sentenced to hold up the world for eternity after losing the war
--Variation: Atlantic

8

Bacchanalian

--Adjective
--Drunken behavior that isn't acceptable
--Dionysos (god of wine) is both bad and good, joyous and brutal and has a big role in celebrations and parties
--Variation: Debauchery, Bacchanalia

9

Panic

--Noun
--Uncontrollable behavior caused by sudden fear
--Pan longed for Syrinx but Syrinx demanded her sisters turn her into cattail reeds when he chased her (thin and tube-like). Pan is sad and make a pipe of the reeds to have Syrinx with him always
--Pan loved to make people panic in the wilderness at nightfall.
--Variation: Panicky, Pandemonium, Pandemic

10

Metamorphosis

--Noun
--Transformation of organisms
--Zeus morphed into a bird and flew through Hera's window. Hera loves the bird and Zeus changes back to his original form.
--Variations: Metamorphic

11

Syringe

--Noun
--A tube that absorbs and release liquids, used for medicines
--Pan longed for Syrinx but Syrinx demanded her sisters turn her into cattail reeds when he chased her (thin and tube-like). Pan is sad and make a pipe of the reeds to have Syrinx with him always
--Variations: Syringomyelia, Syringobulbia

12

Narcissistic

--Adjective
--Having high obsession for self, high self-esteem
--Narcissus rejected Echo, who could only repeat what other people said
--Narcissus saw his reflection in a pool and fell in love with himself.
--Stayed there until he died
--Variations: Narcissism

13

Sisyphean

-Adjective
--Can never be completed, impossible
--Sisyphus snitched on Zeus, and obviously Zeus got mad at him
--Zeus punished him by forcing him into an impossible task that was to push a boulder up a hill
--The boulder would always roll down and

14

Atrophy

--Verb
--To gradually decline in effectiveness
--Atropos was one of the 3 sisters of Fate, her sisters being Clotho and Lachesis
--Atropos' job was to decide the person's death by cutting the thread with her shears
--Variations: Atropine

15

Lethal

--Adjective
--There are 5 rivers to cross in the underworld, Lethe is one of them
--Lethe river makes one forget who they are
--Story of Theseus (had to cross to retrieve girlfriend)
--Variations: Lethargic, Lethargy

16

Tantalize

--Verb
--To taunt, to continually try to make someone do something
--Tantalus got to do everything with the gods, including dining
--He did terrible things, and the gods finally found out
--Punishment: Every time he reached to grab a fruit, the wind blew it out of reach; overtime he bent down to drink, the water disappeared. (REPETITIVELY)

17

Arachnid

--Noun
--An arthropod such as a spider or scorpion
--Arachne was being rude and boastful to Athena, they had a weaving contest
--Arachne won but had no respect for the gods
--Athena is furious and makes Arachnid feel guilty for her actions; so much so that she decides to kill herself
--Athena feels bad now, so she gives her her life back, but as a spider.

18

Cerebral

--Adjective
--Using your brain (intellect) instead of instincts
--CERBERUS: 3 headed dog that guards hell
--ATHENA: sprung from Zeus' head
--Variations: Cerebellum, Cerebral Palsy

19

Narcotic

--Noun
--A drug that numbs the senses, induces drowsiness

20

Cloth

--Noun
--Woven fabric made of cotton, crafted by sewing/threading
--Clotho is one of the 3 sisters of Fate, her sisters being Lachesis and Atropos
--Clotho's job is responsible for spinning the thread of human life
--Variations: Clothing

21

Music

--Noun
--The art of sound played in rhythms/patterns
--The MUSES (9 sisters)
--They lifted the sorrows of troubled men
--They played at many ceremonies
--Indestiguishable from each other
--Variations: Musician, Musicality

22

Caduceus

--Noun
--An ancient Greek or Roman herald's wand, typically one with two serpents twined around it and 2 wings, carried by the messenger god Hermes or Mercury.
--The word is not used, but the symbol is
--Symbolizes rebirth and fertility

23

Agoraphobia

--Noun
--A fear of public places
--Agora=Marketplace, Phobia=Fear

24

Erotic

--Adjective
--Having desire for love
--Psyche and Eros
--Variations: Erotica

25

Aphrodisiac

--Noun
--Food/Drink/Drug that stimulates or arouses loving desires (love potion)
--Aphrodite: Goddess of Love
--Zeus married Aphrodite to Hephaestus
--She wore jewelry that made her irresistible to anyone
--Variations: Aphrodisiacal