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Flashcards in N2 Zoning & Encumberances Deck (29)
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1

Front Footage

The amount of footage along a street.

2

An area set aside by municipal authorities for a specific type of use is a ______.

Zone

3

An area separating two incompatibly zoned areas from each other.

Buffer Zone

4

Setback

The minimum distance from the lot line at which building can occur.

5

A use which pre-dates the zoning ordinance is a ____ aka ____.

Non-conforming Use, Grandfathered Use

6

A Variance

_______ is a granted violation of the zoning ordinance.

7

A burden on a title is an_________.

Encumbrance

8

A limitation on property created by an owner or developer is known as a_____.

Deed Restriction or Restrictive Covenant or CC&Rs

9

A right one person has in the land of another is an _____.

Easement

10

Easement Appurtenant

An Easement held by one owner across another owner's adjacent property.

11

The parcel encumbered by the Easement Appurtenant is the ___________.

Servient Parcel

12

Dominant Parcel

The _____ is the parcel of land benefiting from the Easement Appurtenant.

13

An Easement held by third party (not an adjoining owner) is the _______.

Easement in Gross

14

The Easement Personal is a form of a

License

15

What are the TWO General INVOLUNTARY Liens?

Judgment, Income Tax Liens

16

Some land held together by a single owner is divided into two or more parcels and one of the parcels is landlocked. What kind of Easement can be created to address this situation?

Easement by Necessity

17

An easement created through long, continuous, and hostile use.

Prescriptive Easement

18

Acquisition of ownership by hostile use of another's property can occur by ________.

Adverse Possession

19

Three ways an easement can be terminated are:
1. ___________

2. ___________

3. ___________

1. Merger

2. Quit Claim Deed

3. Quiet Title action

20

The physical trespass of a building onto another property is an ________.

Encroachment

21

A lien placed on Real Estate by operation of law.

Involuntary Lien

22

Lien

A money encumbrance

23

A lien placed on an owner's property with his/her permission is a _____.

Voluntary Lien

24

Liens that affects individual parcels of land.

Specific Lien

25

Three Specific Types of involuntary Liens:
a. _____
b. _____
c. _____

a. Property Taxes
b. Assessments
c. Mechanic's Liens

26

General Liens

Affect all of a person's real and personal property.

27

A lien placed by the government for particular improvements such as street paving or street lights.

Assessments AKA Special Assessments

28

For most liens, priority is established by:

the order in which it was recorded and evidenced by the county recorder’s docket and page number or sequence number

29

_______ are subordinate to taxes, special assessments, and mechanic's liens.

HOA liens