Nasal oral salivary lymph Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nasal oral salivary lymph Deck (29)
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1

Long profile skull type (greyhound) elongated

Dolichocephalic

2

Medium profile skull type (german sheperd) pyramid-shape head

mesaticephalic

3

Short profile skull type (french bulldog) skull as wide as it is short

brachycephalic

4

mandible is too long

prognathic jaw

5

mandible is too short

brachygnathic jaw

6

Three parts to the tongue

apex, body, root

7

Attachment of the tongue

frenulum

8

Conical and Vallate papillae

function for protection, surface area, grooming

9

Keratinized filiform papillae

cat

10

Choanae

caudal openings of the nasal cavities at the caudal end of the hard palate

11

Caudal limit of the nasopharynx

palatopharyngeal arches and caudal border of soft palate

12

Laryngopharynx rostral limit

palatopharyngeal arches

13

Oropharynx rostral limit

palatoglossal arches

14

Oropharynx caudal limit

base of epiglottis & root of tongue

15

Rostral limit of nasopharynx

choanae

16

Laryngopharynx caudal limit

pharyngoesophageal limen (begining of esophagus)

17

Functions of the larynx

protection against food aspiration, cough, phonation

18

4 cartilaginous structures of the larynx

epiglottis, thyroid, arytenoid, cricoid

19

Tongue and larynx and skull are connected via

the Hyoid apparatus

20

Cricothryroideus

tenses vocal fold (phonation)
-innervated by the cranial laryngeal n.

21

Thyroarytenoideus

constricts glottis
-innervated by caudal laryngeal n.

22

Cricoarytenoideus dorsalis

opens the glottis
-innervated by the caudal laryngeal n.

23

Slit in most rostral part of nose

philtrum

24

Parotid ln.

rostral to parotid salivary gland (difficult to discern from salivary gland on cadaver)

25

Mandibular ln.

ventral to mandibular salivary gland, straddles linguofacial v.

26

Palatine tonsil

-oropharynx, caudal to palatoglossal arch
-under semilunar fold
-drains oral cavity
-clinically relevant

27

Retropharyngeal ln.

b/t wing of atlas and larynx

28

Thyroid gland

-lateral to trachea, caudal to larynx
-separate lobes w/ occasional isthmus

29

Parathyroid gland

-cranial to thyroid gland, small