Flashcards in Natural Vegitation Deck (26):
What two important facts which influence what plants and animals live naturally in that area?
The physical features and climate of an area influence what plants and animals live naturally in that area.
What determines what is natural vegetation?
Natural vegetation includes plants and trees that grow naturally, without the help of people.
Where does fynbos grow?
In the Western Cape.
Fynbos includes proteas, ericas and restios. What types of conditions are these plants suited to?
They are suited to dry hot summers with fires, and winters that are cold and wet.
What is the purpose of their leaves wbing waxy or spiky?
This stops then losing water when there is drought or high temperatures.
What type of conditions does the Northern Cape have?
It has desert conditions.
What are the characteristics of desert conditions?
It is mostly dry, with small bushes and succulent plants that survive the cold winters and hot summers.
How do succulent plants survive hot, dry summers?
They store water in their fleshy leaves.
What two areas in South Africa have high average rainfall and warm conditions?
The Southern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal
Why is it that trees grow tall in strong in these two area?
It is because of all the warmth and water that is available in these two areas.
Where can grasses be found in South Africa.
In the Savannah and grasslands.
Savannah and grasslands are also known as what?
In what conditions do grasses grow best?
In conditions that have warm, wet summers and cold dry winters with heavy frosts.
Why is it that there are few trees and shrubs in these areas?
It is because grasslands burn easily from wildfires.
What other characteristics describe the Savannah grasslands?
They are usually flat or low, with rolling hills and valleys.
What are most grasslands used for in South Africa?
Farming crops like maize and wheat.
What type of wildlife live in grasslands?
Buffalo and buck, as well predators like hyenas, lions and leopards that kill the buck for food.
Describe the climate - 2 items
1. Warm wet summers
2. Cold dry winters
3. Frosty mornings
Describe the vegetation - 7 items
5. Few bushes
6. Few trees
7. Lots of national parks
Describe the landscape - 5 items
1. Most of South Africa is Savannah
3. Low in altitude
4. Few hills and valleys
5. Relatively flat
Name the provinces that have Savannah
1. North West Province
2. Limpopo Province
5. Free State
6. Northern Cape
7. Eastern Cape
Name two activities for which people use the Savannah?
2. Game Farms
Name 4 activities for which animals use the Savannah?
1. Buffalo and bucks - GRAZING
2. Giraffes - EAT LEAVES ON TREES
3. Elephants & Rhinos - EAT THORNS
4. Lions, Hyena & Cheatahs - EAT THE ANIMALS ABOVE
Describe the climate of the Western Cape
1. Hot dry summers
2. Cold wet winters
In what way is the Easter Cape and Kwazulu Natal similar?
1. Hot wet summers
2. Warm winters with a little rain on the coast