1
Q

What is Pilotage?

A

Navigating by reference to landmarks

2
Q

A

Navigating based on calculations of time, speed, distance and direction.

3
Q

What is a Line of Position (LOP)?

A

A straight line between two points where an aircraft can possibly be located.

4
Q

What is a Fix?

A

The intersection of two Lines of Position (LOPs)

5
Q

Define True Course:

A

Course between two points referenced to True North

6
Q

Define Magnetic Variation:

A

The angular difference (expressed in degrees) between True North and Magnetic North at a particular place on the earth’s surface.

7
Q

How can you determine Magnetic Variation along your route of flight?

A

Look for magenta Isogonic lines on the sectional chart.

8
Q

Define Magnetic Course:

A

It is True Course corrected for Magnetic Variation

9
Q

Define Wind Correction Angle:

A

The difference in degrees between Magnetic Course and Magnetic Heading.

10
Q

How do we correct True Course for Magnetic Variation?

A
1. If the Magnetic Variation is EAST then SUBTRACT the variation value from the True Course.
2. If the Magnetic Variation is WEST then ADD the variation value from the True Course.
11
Q

A

Magnetic Course corrected for wind

12
Q

Define Compass Deviation:

A

Compass errors caused by the magnetic fields of items inside the aircraft such as radios or navigation equipment.

13
Q

A

Magnetic Course corrected for Compass Deviation

14
Q

When must you fly at VFR Cruising Altitudes?

A

Whenever you are in level cruise flight more than 3,000 feet AGL

15
Q

VFR Cruise Altitudes are based on what course?

A

Magnetic Course

16
Q

What is the VFR Cruising Altitude if the Magnetic Course is 0 to 179 degrees?

A

Odd thousand foot altitudes +500 feet (3500, 5500, 7500 feet MSL)

17
Q

What is the VFR Cruising Altitude if the Magnetic Course is 180 to 359 degrees?

A
18
Q

What is the FAR required fuel reserve for a DAY flight?

A

You must carry enough fuel to fly to the first point of intended landing at normal cruise speed and then have 30 additional minutes of fuel.

19
Q

What is the FAR required fuel reserve for a NIGHT flight?

A

You must carry enough fuel to fly to the first point of intended landing at normal cruise speed and then have 45 additional minutes of fuel.

20
Q

Is Class A Airspace depicted on the Sectional Chart?

A

No

21
Q

Blue airport symbols on a sectional chart indicate what about that airport?

A

It has a control tower

22
Q

How are airports without a control tower depicted on a sectional chart?

A

With a magenta airport symbol

23
Q

How are parachute jumping areas depicted on the sectional chart?

A

With a blue parachute symbol.

24
Q

How are Visual Reporting Points depicted on a Sectional Chart?

A

A magenta flag.

25
Q

What is the purpose of the Notices to Airmen (NOTAM) system.

A

It distributes time critcal information that is either temporary or not known in advance for publication on charts.

26
Q

What is a NOTAM D used for?

A

Includes information for runway closures, status of navigational facilities, radar services and other enroute information. It also includes information on airport taxiways, lighting, ramps, etc.

27
Q

What are FDC NOTAMS?

A

Issued by the Flight Data Center (FDC) and contain regulatory information such as changes to aeronautical charts or instrument approaches.

28
Q

What is the purpose of Special Activity Airspace (SAA) NOTAMS?

A

Issues when Special Use airspace will be active outside it’s published schedule times.

29
Q

What is the Notices to Airmen Publication (NTAP) used for?

A
1. A publication issued every 28 days.
2. It contains D NOTAMS that are expectated to remain in effect for an extended period of time.
3. Once a NOTAM is published in the NTAP it is no longer provided during a weather briefing unless requested.