# NBCE Part 1 Flashcards Preview

## Part 1 Quizlet Imports > NBCE Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in NBCE Part 1 Deck (60)
1
Q

Median Plane

A

Midsagital , Divides the body into right and left parts

2
Q

Sagital Plane

A

Parasagital, Divides the body into right and left parts not necessarily in the middle

3
Q

Coronal Plane

A

Frontal, Divides body into anterior and posterior

4
Q

Horizontal Plane

A

Transverse, Divides the body into superior & inferior parts

5
Q

Longitudinal Section

A

a cut through the long axis

6
Q

Vertical Section

A

a cut through the width

7
Q

Transverse Section

A

cut through any horizontal plane.

8
Q

Oblique Section

A

a cut diagonally

9
Q

Superior

A

Cranial, Above another structure.

10
Q

Inferior

A

Caudal, below another structure

11
Q

Anterior

A

Ventral, in front of another structure

12
Q

Posterior

A

Dorsal, behind another structure

13
Q

Medial

A

closer to the midline

14
Q

Lateral

A

away from the midline

15
Q

Median

A

middle

16
Q

Proximal

A

Closer to the point of attachment or origin

17
Q

Distal

A

Away from the point of origin or attachment

18
Q

External

A

outside, outer

19
Q

Internal

A

inside, inner

20
Q

Central

A

located closer to the midline

21
Q

Peripheral

A

surrounding or outer border

22
Q

Parietal

A

forms a wall of a body cavity or similar structures

23
Q

Visceral

A

internal organs

24
Q

Rostral

A

anterior end or nose end

25
Q

Cephalic

A

26
Q

Ipsilateral

A

same side

27
Q

Contralateral

A

opposite side

28
Q

Flexion

A

decreasing the angle between a joint by bending

29
Q

Extension

A

increasing the angle between to joints by extending

30
Q

Abduction

A

away from the body

31
Q

A

towards the body

32
Q

Rotation

A

circular movement around an axis

33
Q

Circumduction

A

a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction

34
Q

Supination

A

Palms up

35
Q

Pronation

A

Palms down

36
Q

Eversion

A

turning outward

37
Q

Inversion

A

turning inward

38
Q

Dorsioflexion

A

decreases the angle between the top of foot and front of leg

39
Q

Plantarflexion

A

increases the angle between the top of the foot and the front of the leg

40
Q

Protrusion/Protraction

A

structure moves anteriorly; scapula, clavicle, head and jaw

41
Q

Retraction

A

structure moves posterior; scapula, clavicle, head and jaw

42
Q

A

43
Q

Occiptal bone

A

Forms the back of cranium

44
Q

Parietal bones

A

Forms the sides of the cranium

45
Q

Frontal bone

A

46
Q

Temporal bones

A

Bones that cover the sides of the head, near the ear

47
Q

Spehnoid bone

A

butterfly-shaped, spans the width of skull and forms floor of cranial cavity, behind eyes

48
Q

Ethmoid bone

A

irregularly shaped bone located between the eye orbits; it helps form the boney structure of the nasal cavity.

49
Q

Nasal bone

A

Forms the bridge of the nose, by junction

50
Q

Maxilla

A

Forms most of the upper jaw, and part of the hard palate

51
Q

Lacrimal bone

A

smallest bone of the face, front of media wall

52
Q

Basilar Artery

A

An artery, formed by the fusion of the vertebral arteries, that supplies blood to the brainstem and to the posterior cerebral arteries.

53
Q

Internal Carotid

A

Branches from the right common carotid artery. Supplies the brain.

54
Q

Middle Meningeal Artery

A

Branch of the first part of the maxillary artery that is the main blood supply to the meninges of the brain.

55
Q

Vertebral Artery

A

First branch arising from the subclavian artery in the chest and enters the cranium through the foramen magnum.

56
Q

Confluence of Sinuses

A

collection point for sinuses to drain

57
Q

Inferior Saggital Sinus

A

in inferior falx cerebri, forms straight sinus.

58
Q

Sigmoid SInus

A

Along the sigmoid groove. Drains from transverse sinus into the jugular vein.

59
Q

Superior Sagital Sinus

A

60
Q

Arachnoid Granulation

A

Allows Cerebral Spinal Fluid to escape from subarachnoid space into superior sagittal sinu